violoncello

[vee-uh-luhn-chel-oh, vahy-]
noun, plural violoncellos.

Origin:
1715–25; < Italian, equivalent to violon(e) violone + -cello diminutive suffix

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World English Dictionary
violoncello (ˌvaɪələnˈtʃɛləʊ)
 
n , pl -los
the full name for cello
 
[C18: from Italian, from violone + -cello, diminutive suffix]
 
violon'cellist
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

violoncello
1724, from It. violoncello, dim. of violone "bass viol," augmentative of viola (see viola).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
In this instrument collection were three violins, one viola, and one violoncello.
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