viscount

viscount

[vahy-kount]
noun
1.
a nobleman next below an earl or count and next above a baron.
2.
History/Historical. a deputy of a count or earl.
3.
(in England) a sheriff.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English viscounte < Anglo-French; Old French visconte (French vicomte), equivalent to vis vice3 + counte count2, translation Medieval Latin vicecomes

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World English Dictionary
viscount (ˈvaɪkaʊnt)
 
n
1.  (in the British Isles) a nobleman ranking below an earl and above a baron
2.  See also vicomte (in various countries) a son or younger brother of a count
3.  (in medieval Europe) the deputy of a count
 
[C14: from Old French visconte, from Medieval Latin vicecomes, from Late Latin vice-vice³ + comescount²]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

viscount
late 14c., "deputy of a count or earl," from Anglo-Fr. and O.Fr. visconte, from M.L. vicecomes (gen. vicecomitis), from L.L. vice- "deputy" (see vice-) + L. comes "member of an imperial court, nobleman" (see count (n.)). As a rank in British peerage,
first recorded 1440, when John, Baron Beaumont, was made one by Henry VI.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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