the act of visiting.
a formal visit, as one permitted by a court's granting of visitation rights or by parents invited to a school to observe the work of students.
a visit for the purpose of making an official examination or inspection, as of a bishop to a diocese.
(usually initial capital letter) the visit of the Virgin Mary to her cousin Elizabeth. Luke 1:36–56.
(initial capital letter) a church festival, held on July 2, in commemoration of this visit.
the administration of comfort or aid, or of affliction or punishment: a visitation of the plague.
an affliction or punishment, as from God.
the appearance or coming of a supernatural influence or spirit.

1275–1325; < Latin vīsitātiōn- (stem of vīsitātiō), equivalent to vīsitāt(us) (past participle of vīsitāre; see visit, -ate1) + -iōn- -ion; replacing Middle English visitacioun < Anglo-French < Latin, as above

visitational, adjective
intervisitation, noun
revisitation, noun

visit, visitation. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
visitation (ˌvɪzɪˈteɪʃən)
1.  an official call or visit for the purpose of inspecting or examining an institution, esp such a visit made by a bishop to his diocese
2.  a visiting of punishment or reward from heaven
3.  any disaster or catastrophe: a visitation of the plague
4.  an appearance or arrival of a supernatural being
5.  any call or visit
6.  informal an unduly prolonged social call

Visitation (ˌvɪzɪˈteɪʃən)
1.  a.  the visit made by the Virgin Mary to her cousin Elizabeth (Luke 1:39--56)
 b.  the Church festival commemorating this, held on July 2
2.  a religious order of nuns, the Order of the Visitation, founded in 1610 by St Francis of Sales and dedicated to contemplation and the cultivation of humility, gentleness, and sisterly love

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1300, "a visit by an ecclesiastical representative to examine the condition of a parish, abbey, etc.," from L. visitationem (see visit). The supernatural sense of "a sight, appearance" is attested from mid-14c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
They will now have hospital visitation rights, access to health insurance, tax
  deductions and relief from estate taxes.
They see a drive-in movie screen in the distance, which the narrator mistakes
  for an angelic visitation.
Nothing quite so theatrical has been attempted during the latest medfly
  visitation, which began five months ago.
All family visitation requests have been denied, or simply ignored.
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