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viviparous

[vahy-vip-er-uh s, vi-] /vaɪˈvɪp ər əs, vɪ-/
adjective
1.
Zoology. bringing forth living young rather than eggs, as most mammals and some reptiles and fishes.
2.
Botany. producing seeds that germinate on the plant.
Origin
1640-1650
1640-50; < Latin vīviparus bringing forth living young. See vivi-, -parous
Related forms
viviparism, noun
viviparity
[viv-uh-par-i-tee, vahy-vuh-] /ˌvɪv əˈpær ɪ ti, ˌvaɪ və-/ (Show IPA),
viviparousness, noun
viviparously, adverb
nonviviparity, noun
nonviviparous, adjective
nonviviparously, adverb
nonviviparousness, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for viviparous
  • They're rear-fanged, and are further unusual in being viviparous.
  • Lesions are found on the extremities where the viviparous females reside.
  • The terms that apply to your question are viviparous and ovoviviparous.
  • The point in development at which oviparous, ovoviviparous, and viviparous species become regulated animals had to be decided.
British Dictionary definitions for viviparous

viviparous

/vɪˈvɪpərəs/
adjective
1.
(of animals) producing offspring that as embryos develop within and derive nourishment from the body of the female parent Compare oviparous, ovoviviparous
2.
(of plants) producing bulbils or young plants instead of flowers
3.
(of seeds) germinating before separating from the parent plant
Derived Forms
viviparity (ˌvɪvɪˈpærɪtɪ), vivipary, viviparism, viviparousness, noun
viviparously, adverb
Word Origin
C17: from Latin vīviparus, from vīvus alive + parere to bring forth
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for viviparous
viviparous
1646, from L.L. viviparus "bringing forth alive," from L. vivus "alive, living" + parere "bring forth, bear" (see pare).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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viviparous in Medicine

viviparous vi·vip·a·rous (vī-vĭp'ər-əs, vĭ-)
adj.
Giving birth to living offspring that develop within the mother's body as for most mammals.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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viviparous in Science
viviparous
  (vī-vĭp'ər-əs)   
Giving birth to living young that develop within the mother's body rather than hatching from eggs. All mammals except the monotremes are viviparous. Compare oviparous, ovoviviparous.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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