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voivode

[voi-vohd] /ˈvɔɪ voʊd/
noun
1.
(in Eastern European history) a local ruler or governor, especially the semi-independent rulers of Transylvania, Wallachia, or Moldavia before c1700.
Also, vaivode.
Origin
1550-1560
1550-60;Slavic; compare Polish wojewoda, Russian voevóda, Serbo-Croatian vȍj(e)voda, OCS vojevoda commander, governor (translating Greek hēgemṓn and stratēgós), equivalent to voj- base of voinŭ warrior + -e- variant (after j) of -o- -o- + -voda, noun derivative of voditi to lead; vaivode < Hungarian vajvoda (now vajda) < Slavic
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Word Origin and History for voivode
n.

"local or provincial ruler in Transylvania, Moldavia, etc.," 1560s, from Russian voevoda, originally "leader of the army," from Old Church Slavonic voji "warriors" + -voda "leader." Cf. Hungarian vajvoda (later vajda), Serb. vojvoda, Polish wojewoda.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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