[voh-lish-uhn, vuh-]
the act of willing, choosing, or resolving; exercise of willing: She left of her own volition.
a choice or decision made by the will.
the power of willing; will.

1605–15; < Medieval Latin volitiōn- (stem of volitiō), equivalent to vol- (variant stem of velle to want, wish; see will1) + -itiōn- -ition

volitional, volitionary [voh-lish-uh-ner-ee] , adjective
volitionally, adverb
nonvolition, noun
nonvolitional, adjective
prevolitional, adjective
supervolition, noun
unvolitional, adjective

1. discretion, choice. See will2.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
volition (vəˈlɪʃən)
1.  the act of exercising the will: of one's own volition
2.  the faculty or capability of conscious choice, decision, and intention; the will
3.  the resulting choice or resolution
4.  philosophy an act of will as distinguished from the physical movement it intends to bring about
[C17: from Medieval Latin volitiō, from Latin vol- as in volō I will, present stem of velle to wish]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1615, from Fr. volition (16c.), from M.L. volitionem (nom. volitio) "will, volition," from L. stem (as in volo "I wish") of velle "to wish," from PIE *wel-/*wol- "be pleasing" (see will (v.)).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

volition vo·li·tion (və-lĭsh'ən)

  1. The act or an instance of making a conscious choice or decision.

  2. A conscious choice or decision.

  3. The power or faculty of choosing; the will.

vo·li'tion·al adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
All free governments are the creatures of volition-a breath can make them and a breath can destroy them.
Everyone who participates in a fight should do so by their own volition.
Her spinning-wheel turned of its own volition and her pillow circled as if on a
  pivot while she slept.
The former verbs imply a conscious volition which the experiment seems not to
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