(Arabic: "Egyptian Delegation"), nationalist political party that was instrumental in gaining Egyptian independence from Britain. Organized by Sa'd Zaghlul on Nov. 13, 1918, as a permanent delegation of the Egyptian people, it demanded a voice in London and at the peace conferences following World War I. In March 1919 the British temporarily exiled its leaders Sa'd Zaghlul, Isma'il Sidqi, and Hamid al-Basil. With the creation of an "independent" Egypt by Great Britain on Feb. 28, 1922, the Wafd organized itself as a political party in September 1923; it called for internal autonomy, constitutional government, civil rights, and Egyptian control of both the Sudan and the Suez Canal. It won 90 percent of the seats in the first Chamber in the elections of 1924, and a Wafdist government was installed. After Egypt gained complete independence in 1936, Wafd governments were in constant conflict with the king
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