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walnut

[wawl-nuht, -nuh t] /ˈwɔlˌnʌt, -nət/
noun
1.
the edible nut of trees of the genus Juglans, of the North Temperate Zone.
Compare walnut family.
2.
the tree itself.
3.
the wood of such a tree.
4.
Northeastern U.S. the hickory nut.
5.
any of various fruits or trees resembling the walnut.
6.
a somewhat reddish shade of brown, as that of the heartwood of the black walnut tree.
Origin of walnut
1050
before 1050; Middle English; Old English wealh-hnutu literally, foreign nut; see Welsh, nut
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for walnut

walnut

/ˈwɔːlˌnʌt/
noun
1.
any juglandaceous deciduous tree of the genus Juglans, of America, SE Europe, and Asia, esp J. regia, which is native to W Asia but introduced elsewhere. They have aromatic leaves and flowers in catkins and are grown for their edible nuts and for their wood
2.
the nut of any of these trees, having a wrinkled two-lobed seed and a hard wrinkled shell
3.
the wood of any of these trees, used in making furniture, panelling, etc
4.
a light yellowish-brown colour
adjective
5.
made from the wood of a walnut tree: a walnut table
6.
of the colour walnut
Word Origin
Old English walh-hnutu, literally: foreign nut; compare Old French noux gauge walnut, probably translation of Vulgar Latin phrase nux gallica (unattested) Gaulish (hence, foreign) nut
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for walnut
n.

Old English walhnutu "nut of the walnut tree," literally "foreign nut," from wealh "foreign" (see Welsh) + hnutu (see nut). Cf. Old Norse valhnot, Middle Low German walnut, Middle Dutch walnote, Dutch walnoot, German Walnuß, So called because it was introduced from Gaul and Italy, distinguishing it from the native hazel nut. Cf. the Late Latin name for it, nux Gallica, literally "Gaulish nut." Applied to the tree itself from 1600 (earlier walnut tree, c.1400).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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