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ward

[wawrd] /wɔrd/
noun
1.
a division or district of a city or town, as for administrative or political purposes.
2.
one of the districts into which certain English and Scottish boroughs are divided.
3.
a division, floor, or room of a hospital for a particular class or group of patients:
a convalescent ward; a critical ward.
4.
any of the separate divisions of a prison.
5.
a political subdivision of a parish in Louisiana.
6.
Mormon Church. one of the subdivisions of a stake, presided over by a bishop.
7.
Fortification. an open space within or between the walls of a castle or fortified place:
the castle's lower ward.
8.
Law.
  1. a person, especially a minor, who has been legally placed under the care of a guardian or a court.
  2. the state of being under the care or control of a legal guardian.
  3. guardianship over a minor or some other person legally incapable of managing his or her own affairs.
9.
the state of being under restraining guard or in custody.
10.
a person who is under the protection or control of another.
11.
a movement or posture of defense, as in fencing.
12.
a curved ridge of metal inside a lock, forming an obstacle to the passage of a key that does not have a corresponding notch.
13.
the notch or slot in the bit of a key into which such a ridge fits.
14.
the act of keeping guard or protective watch:
watch and ward.
15.
Archaic. a company of guards or a garrison.
verb (used with object)
16.
to avert, repel, or turn aside (danger, harm, an attack, an assailant, etc.) (usually followed by off):
to ward off a blow; to ward off evil.
17.
to place in a ward, as of a hospital or prison.
18.
Archaic. to protect; guard.
Origin
900
before 900; (noun) Middle English warde, Old English weard; (v.) Middle English warden, Old English weardian; cognate with Middle Dutch waerden, German warten; cf. guard
Related forms
wardless, adjective
Synonyms
1. precinct. 10. protégé. 16. parry, prevent.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for ward off
  • There's not enough genetic disparity to ward off the perils of inbreeding.
  • To-morrow's remedy will not ward off the evil of to-day.
  • He did not even write poetry primarily for the sake of writing poetry, but to ward off melancholy by keeping his mind occupied.
  • They see dangers in proposals made to universal suffrage, and they must exert themselves to ward off those dangers.
  • Salt, moreover, would appear to ward off low forms of fever.
  • But some versions of the genes are too weak to ward off the attackers.
  • Citronella candles will be lit to ward off mosquitoes.
  • The findings don't prove that the drugs, called statins, ward off aggressive cancer.
  • And it requires sacrificing today to ward off uncertain and unquantifiable future risks.
  • Almost everyone who uses a computer has had to ward off infection by computer viruses.
British Dictionary definitions for ward off

ward off

verb
1.
(transitive, adverb) to turn aside or repel; avert

ward

/wɔːd/
noun
1.
(in many countries) a district into which a city, town, parish, or other area is divided for administration, election of representatives, etc
2.
a room in a hospital, esp one for patients requiring similar kinds of care: a maternity ward
3.
one of the divisions of a prison
4.
an open space enclosed within the walls of a castle
5.
(law)
  1. Also called ward of court. a person, esp a minor or one legally incapable of managing his own affairs, placed under the control or protection of a guardian or of a court
  2. guardianship, as of a minor or legally incompetent person
6.
the state of being under guard or in custody
7.
a person who is under the protection or in the custody of another
8.
a means of protection
9.
  1. an internal ridge or bar in a lock that prevents an incorrectly cut key from turning
  2. a corresponding groove cut in a key
10.
a less common word for warden1
verb
11.
(transitive) (archaic) to guard or protect
See also ward off
Derived Forms
wardless, adjective
Word Origin
Old English weard protector; related to Old High German wart, Old Saxon ward, Old Norse vorthr. See guard

Ward

/wɔːd/
noun
1.
Dame Barbara (Mary), Baroness Jackson. 1914–81, British economist, environmentalist, and writer. Her books include Spaceship Earth (1966)
2.
Mrs Humphry, married name of Mary Augusta Arnold. 1851–1920, English novelist. Her novels include Robert Elsmere (1888) and The Case of Richard Meynell (1911)
3.
Sir Joseph George. 1856–1930, New Zealand statesman; prime minister of New Zealand (1906–12; 1928–30)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for ward off

ward

n.

Old English weard "a guarding, a watchman, a sentry," from West Germanic *wardo (cf. Old Saxon ward, Old Norse vörðr, Old High German wart). Used for administrative districts (at first in the sense of guardianship) from late 14c.; of hospital divisions from 1749. Meaning "minor under control of a guardian" is from early 15c. Ward-heeler is 1890, from heeler "loafer, one on the lookout for shady work" (1870s).

v.

Old English weardian "to keep guard," from Proto-Germanic *wardojan- (cf. Old Saxon wardon, Old Norse varða "to guard," Old Frisian wardia, Middle Dutch waerden "to take care of," Old High German warten "to guard, look out for, expect," German warten "to wait, wait on, nurse, tend"), from *wardo- (see ward (n.)). French garder, Italian guardare, Spanish guardar are Germanic loan-words. Meaning "to parry, to fend off" (now usually with off) is recorded from 1570s. Related: Warded; warding.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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ward off in Medicine

ward (wôrd)
n.

  1. A room in a hospital usually holding six or more patients.

  2. A division in a hospital for the care of a particular group of patients.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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ward off in the Bible

a prison (Gen. 40:3, 4); a watch-station (Isa. 21:8); a guard (Neh. 13:30).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with ward off

ward off

.
Turn aside, parry, as in He tried to ward off her blows. [ Second half of 1500s ]
.
Try to prevent, avert, as in She took vitamin C to ward off a cold. [ Mid-1700s ]
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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8
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