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warn

[wawrn] /wɔrn/
verb (used with object)
1.
to give notice, advice, or intimation to (a person, group, etc.) of danger, impending evil, possible harm, or anything else unfavorable:
They warned him of a plot against him. She was warned that her life was in danger.
2.
to urge or advise to be careful; caution:
to warn a careless driver.
3.
to admonish or exhort, as to action or conduct:
She warned her employees to be on time.
4.
to notify, advise, or inform:
to warn a person of an intended visit.
5.
to give notice to (a person, group, etc.) to go, keep at a distance, etc. (often followed by away, off, etc.):
A sign warns trespassers off the grounds. A marker warned boats away from the dock.
6.
to give authoritative or formal notice to (someone); order; summon:
to warn a person to appear in court.
verb (used without object)
7.
to give a warning; caution:
to warn of further disasters.
Origin
1000
before 1000; Middle English warnen, Old English warnian; cognate with German warnen. Cf. ware2
Related forms
warner, noun
prewarn, verb (used with object)
rewarn, verb (used with object)
unwarned, adjective
well-warned, adjective
Synonyms
1. forewarn. Warn, caution, admonish imply attempting to prevent another from running into danger or getting into unpleasant or undesirable circumstances. To warn is to speak plainly and usually in strong terms: to warn him about danger and possible penalties. To caution is to advise about necessary precautions, to put one on one's guard about possibly harmful circumstances or conditions, thus emphasizing avoidance of undesirable consequences: to caution him against driving in such weather. Admonish suggests giving earnest, authoritative advice with only tacit references to danger or penalty: to admonish a person for neglecting his duties.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for warned
  • Administrators warned them that they would take action if changes were not made.
  • If so, humans and other species should consider themselves duly warned.
  • But experts have warned of unintended consequences, such as unpredictable reactions in the ecosystem.
  • Civil servants were warned they might be punished for taking part.
  • All the volunteers had slept well in the days before the test, and had been warned off alcohol.
  • However, he warned against the dehumanising effects of these bureaucracies.
  • Power grids could be devastated by a storm on the sun, astronomers warned today.
  • These people should be warned they are more vulnerable and may want to eat cooked, hot food that would have less bacteria.
  • Even if the batteries get cheaper, they warned, investors will turn sour if no one buys the cars.
  • It also gave me extreme nausea as the doctor warned.
British Dictionary definitions for warned

warn

/wɔːn/
verb
1.
to notify or make (someone) aware of danger, harm, etc
2.
(transitive; often takes a negative and an infinitive) to advise or admonish (someone) as to action, conduct, etc I warn you not to do that again
3.
(takes a clause as object or an infinitive) to inform (someone) in advance he warned them that he would arrive late
4.
(transitive; usually foll by away, off, etc) to give notice to go away, be off, etc he warned the trespassers off his ground
Derived Forms
warner, noun
Word Origin
Old English wearnian; related to Old High German warnēn, Old Norse varna to refuse
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for warned
warn
O.E. warnian "to give notice of impending danger," also intrans., "to take heed," from W.Gmc. *warnojanan (cf. O.N. varna "to admonish," O.H.G. warnon "to take heed," Ger. warnen "to warn"); related to O.E. wær "aware, cautious" (see wary).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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10
11
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