noun Chiefly Literary.
the sky; the vault of heaven.

before 900; Middle English welken(e), Old English welcn, variant of wolcen cloud, sky; cognate with German Wolke cloud

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World English Dictionary
welkin (ˈwɛlkɪn)
archaic the sky, heavens, or upper air
[Old English wolcen, welcen; related to Old Frisian wolken, Old Saxon, Old High German wolcan]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

"sky" (poetic), O.E. wolcen "cloud," from P.Gmc. *welk- (cf. O.S. wolkan, O.Fris. wolken, M.Du. wolke, Du. wolk, O.H.G. wolka, Ger. Wolke "cloud," from PIE *welgh- "wet" (cf. Lith. vilgyti "to moisten," O.C.S. viaga "moisture," Czech vlhky "damp").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The sight of those flags everywhere made the welkin ring, and the hearts of the spectators throb with patriotic emotion.
He knew, how to burn up money with great eclat, and for a while he made the welkin ring.
The pig is stuck in the pen, his thinning squeals go up to the welkin.
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