where

[hwair, wair]
adverb
1.
in or at what place?: Where is he? Where do you live?
2.
in what position or circumstances?: Where do you stand on this question? Without money, where are you?
3.
in what particular respect, way, etc.?: Where does this affect us?
4.
to what place, point, or end? whither?: Where are you going?
5.
from what source? whence?: Where did you get such a notion?
conjunction
6.
in or at what place, part, point, etc.: Find where he is. Find where the trouble is.
7.
in or at the place, part, point, etc., in or at which: The book is where you left it.
8.
in a position, case, etc., in which: Where ignorance is bliss, 'tis folly to be wise.
9.
in any place, position, case, etc., in which; wherever: Use the ointment where pain is felt.
10.
to what or whatever place; to the place or any place to which: I will go where you go.
11.
in or at which place; and there: They came to the town, where they lodged for the night.
pronoun
12.
what place?: Where did you come from?
13.
the place in which; point at which: This is where the boat docks. That was where the phone rang.
noun
14.
a place; that place in which something is located or occurs: the wheres and hows of job hunting.
Idioms
15.
where it's at, Slang. where the most exciting, prestigious, or profitable activity or circumstance is to be found.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English quher, wher, Old English hwǣr; cognate with Dutch waar, Old High German hwār; akin to Old Norse hvar, Gothic hwar

1. we're, were, where ; 2. where, wherefore (see usage note at the current entry).


Whereat (Where was he at? ) and whereto (Where is this leading to? ) are often criticized as redundant because neither at nor to adds anything to the meaning of where, and sentences like the preceding ones are perfectly clear and standard without the final at or to. This criticism does not apply to wherefrom, which is fully standard: Where does the money come from? The constructions whereat and whereto occur in the speech of educated people but are rare in formal speech and edited writing.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

where's

[hwairz, wairz]
1.
contraction of where is: Where's my belt?
2.
contraction of where has: Where's he been all night?
3.
contraction of where does: Where's he study law?

See contraction.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
where (wɛə)
 
adv
1.  a.  in, at, or to what place, point, or position?: where are you going?
 b.  (used in indirect questions): I don't know where they are
2.  in, at, or to which (place): the hotel where we spent our honeymoon
3.  (subordinating) in the place at which: where we live it's always raining
 
n
4.  (usually plural) a question as to the position, direction, or destination of something
 
usage  It was formerly considered incorrect to use where as a substitute for in which after a noun which did not refer to a place or position, but this use has now become acceptable: we now have a situation where/in which no further action is needed

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

where
O.E. hwær, hwar, from P.Gmc. *khwar (cf. O.S. hwar, O.N. hvar, O.Fris. hwer, M.Du. waer, O.H.G. hwar, Ger. wo, Goth. hvar "where"), from PIE interrogative base *qwo- (see who).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
WHERE
Women for Healthcare Education, Reform, and Equity
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

where

In addition to the idioms beginning with where, also see close to home (hit where one lives); fools rush in where angels fear to tread; give credit (where credit is due); know where one stands; let the chips fall where they may; not know where to turn; put one's money where one's mouth is; take up where one left off; tell someone where to get off; this is where I came in.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
Where military intelligence is not a contradiction in terms.
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