whig

whig

[hwig, wig]
verb (used without object), whigged, whigging. Scot.
to move along briskly.

Origin:
1660–70; perhaps Scots variant of dial. fig to move briskly; see fidget

Dictionary.com Unabridged

Whig

[hwig, wig]
noun
1.
American History.
a.
a member of the patriotic party during the Revolutionary period; supporter of the revolution.
b.
a member of a political party (c1834–1855) that was formed in opposition to the Democratic Party, and favored economic expansion and a high protective tariff, while opposing the strength of the presidency in relation to the legislature.
2.
British politics.
a.
a member of a major political party (1679–1832) in Great Britain that held liberal principles and favored reforms: later called the Liberal party.
b.
(in later use) one of the more conservative members of the Liberal party.
adjective
3.
being a Whig.
4.
of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the Whigs.

Origin:
1635–45; earlier, a Covenanter, hence an opponent of the accession of James II; of uncertain origin, though probably in part a shortening of whiggamaire (later whiggamore), a participant in the Whiggamore Raid a march against the royalists in Edinburgh launched by Covenanters in 1648 (said to represent whig to spur on (cf. whig) + maire mare1)

pro-Whig, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
Whig (wɪɡ)
 
n
1.  a member of the English political party or grouping that opposed the succession to the throne of James, Duke of York, in 1679--80 on the grounds that he was a Catholic. Standing for a limited monarchy, the Whigs represented the great aristocracy and the moneyed middle class for the next 80 years. In the late 18th and early 19th centuries the Whigs represented the desires of industrialists and Dissenters for political and social reform. The Whigs provided the core of the Liberal Party
2.  Compare Tory (in the US) a supporter of the War of American Independence
3.  a member of the American political party that opposed the Democrats from about 1834 to 1855 and represented propertied and professional interests
4.  a conservative member of the Liberal Party in Great Britain
5.  a person who advocates and believes in an unrestricted laissez-faire economy
6.  history a 17th-century Scottish Presbyterian, esp one in rebellion against the Crown
 
adj
7.  of, characteristic of, or relating to Whigs
 
[C17: probably shortened from whiggamore, one of a group of 17th-century Scottish rebels who joined in an attack on Edinburgh known as the whiggamore raid; probably from Scottish whig to drive (of obscure origin) + more, mer, maire horse, mare1]
 
'Whiggery
 
n
 
'Whiggism
 
n
 
'Whiggish
 
adj
 
'Whiggishly
 
adv
 
'Whiggishness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
Main Entry:  Whig1
Part of Speech:  n
Definition:  a member of a British political party which opposed the Tories in the 18th and 19th centuries
Etymology:  short for whiggamore
Main Entry:  Whig2
Part of Speech:  n
Definition:  in the American Revolution, one who supported the war against England
Etymology:  short for whiggamore
Main Entry:  Whig3
Part of Speech:  n
Definition:  a member of an American political party opposed to the Democrats in the 19th century
Etymology:  short for whiggamore
Main Entry:  Whig4
Part of Speech:  n
Definition:  an adherent of Presbyterianism in 17th century Scotland
Etymology:  short for whiggamore
Main Entry:  Whig5
Part of Speech:  n
Definition:  figuratively, a rebel
Etymology:  short for whiggamore
Main Entry:  Whig
Part of Speech:  adj
Definition:  belonging to or supporting a Whig political party
Etymology:  short for whiggamore
Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Whig
British political party, 1657, in part perhaps a disparaging use of whigg "a country bumpkin" (c.1645); but mainly a shortened form of Whiggamore (1649) "one of the adherents of the Presbyterian cause in western Scotland who marched on Edinburgh in 1648 to oppose Charles I." Perhaps originally "a horse
drover," from dialectal verb whig "to urge forward" + mare. The name was first used 1689 in reference to members of the British political party that opposed the Tories. American Revolution sense of "colonist who opposes Crown policies" is from 1768. Later it was applied to opponents of Andrew Jackson (as early as 1825), and taken as the name of a political party (1834) that merged into the Republican Party in 1854-56.
"... in the spring of 1834 Jackson's opponents adopted the name Whig, traditional term for critics of executive usurpations. James Watson Webb, editor of the New York Courier and Enquirer, encouraged use of the name. [Henry] Clay gave it national currency in a speech on April 14, 1834, likening "the whigs of the present day" to those who had resisted George III, and by summer it was official." [Daniel Walker Howe, "What Hath God Wrought," 2007, p.390]
Whig historian is recorded from 1924. Whig history is "the tendency in many historians ... to emphasise certain principles of progress in the past and to produce a story which is the ratification if not the glorification of the present." [Herbert Butterfield, "The Whig Interpretation of History," 1931]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

whig

members of two opposing political parties or factions in England, particularly during the 18th century. Originally "Whig" and "Tory" were terms of abuse introduced in 1679 during the heated struggle over the bill to exclude James, duke of York (afterward James II), from the succession. Whig-whatever its origin in Scottish Gaelic-was a term applied to horse thieves and, later, to Scottish Presbyterians; it connoted nonconformity and rebellion and was applied to those who claimed the power of excluding the heir from the throne. Tory was an Irish term suggesting a papist outlaw and was applied to those who supported the hereditary right of James despite his Roman Catholic faith.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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