The parts are sometimes joined by a tongue, after the manner of a whip-graft, but this is rarely necessary.
The cions may be placed on the tree by several methods, but only two are commonly employed,—the whip-graft and the cleft-graft.
On the small shoots of young trees, the whip-graft is often employed, but it is not used in large trees.
Root-grafting, especially of fruit-stocks, is performed almost entirely by the whip-graft.
If Grafting is done on small stocks, it is customary to employ the whip-graft, which is illustrated in the margin.
The parts are held only by the string, which, together with the wax, is applied in the same way as upon the whip-graft.