windup

[wahynd-uhp]
noun
1.
the conclusion of any action, activity, etc.; the end or close.
2.
a final act or part.
3.
Baseball. the preparatory movements of the arm before pitching a ball. Compare stretch ( def 22 ).
4.
Informal. a mechanical object, as a toy or wristwatch, that is driven by a spring or similar mechanism that must be wound.
5.
an act or instance of winding up.
Also, wind-up.


Origin:
1565–75; noun use of verb phrase wind up

Dictionary.com Unabridged

wind

2 [wahynd]
verb (used without object), wound or (Rare) winded [wahyn-did] , winding.
1.
to change direction; bend; turn; take a frequently bending course; meander: The river winds through the forest.
2.
to have a circular or spiral course or direction.
3.
to coil or twine about something: The ivy winds around the house.
4.
to proceed circuitously or indirectly.
5.
to undergo winding or winding up.
6.
to be twisted or warped, as a board.
verb (used with object), wound or (Rare) winded [wahyn-did] , winding.
7.
to encircle or wreathe, as with something twined, wrapped, or placed about.
8.
to roll or coil (thread, string, etc.) into a ball, on a spool, or the like (often followed by up ).
9.
to remove or take off by unwinding (usually followed by off or from ): She wound the thread off the bobbin.
10.
to twine, fold, wrap, or place about something.
11.
to make (a mechanism) operational by tightening the mainspring with a key (often followed by up ): to wind a clock; to wind up a toy.
12.
to haul or hoist by means of a winch, windlass, or the like (often followed by up ).
13.
to make (one's or its way) in a bending or curving course: The stream winds its way through the woods.
14.
to make (one's or its way) by indirect, stealthy, or devious procedure: to wind one's way into another's confidence.
noun
15.
the act of winding.
16.
a single turn, twist, or bend of something wound: If you give it another wind, you'll break the mainspring.
17.
a twist producing an uneven surface.
Verb phrases
18.
wind down,
a.
to lessen in intensity so as to bring or come to a gradual end: The war is winding down.
b.
to calm down; relax: He's too excited tonight to wind down and sleep.
19.
wind up,
a.
to bring to a state of great tension; excite (usually used in the past participle): He was all wound up before the game.
b.
to bring or come to an end; conclude: to wind up a sales campaign.
c.
to settle or arrange in order to conclude: to wind up one's affairs.
d.
to become ultimately: to wind up as a country schoolteacher.
e.
Baseball. (of a pitcher) to execute a windup.
Idioms
20.
out of wind, (of boards, plasterwork, etc.) flat and true.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English winden, Old English windan; cognate with Dutch, German winden, Old Norse vinda, Gothic -windan; akin to wend, wander

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
wind1 (wɪnd)
 
n
1.  See also Beaufort scale a current of air, sometimes of considerable force, moving generally horizontally from areas of high pressure to areas of low pressureRelated: aeolian
2.  poetic chiefly the direction from which a wind blows, usually a cardinal point of the compass
3.  air artificially moved, as by a fan, pump, etc
4.  any sweeping and destructive force
5.  a trend, tendency, or force: the winds of revolution
6.  informal a hint; suggestion: we got wind that you were coming
7.  something deemed insubstantial: his talk was all wind
8.  breath, as used in respiration or talk: you're just wasting wind
9.  See also second wind (often used in sports) the power to breathe normally: his wind is weak
10.  music
 a.  a wind instrument or wind instruments considered collectively
 b.  (often plural) the musicians who play wind instruments in an orchestra
 c.  (modifier) of, relating to, or composed of wind instruments: a wind ensemble
11.  an informal name for flatus
12.  the air on which the scent of an animal is carried to hounds or on which the scent of a hunter is carried to his quarry
13.  between wind and water
 a.  the part of a vessel's hull below the water line that is exposed by rolling or by wave action
 b.  any point particularly susceptible to attack or injury
14.  break wind to release intestinal gas through the anus
15.  informal get the wind up, have the wind up to become frightened
16.  have in the wind to be in the act of following (quarry) by scent
17.  how the wind blows, how the wind lies, which way the wind blows, which way the wind lies what appears probable
18.  in the wind about to happen
19.  informal three sheets in the wind intoxicated; drunk
20.  in the teeth of the wind, in the eye of the wind directly into the wind
21.  into the wind against the wind or upwind
22.  nautical off the wind away from the direction from which the wind is blowing
23.  nautical on the wind as near as possible to the direction from which the wind is blowing
24.  informal put the wind up to frighten or alarm
25.  informal (Brit) raise the wind to obtain the necessary funds
26.  sail close to the wind, sail near to the wind
 a.  to come near the limits of danger or indecency
 b.  to live frugally or manage one's affairs economically
27.  take the wind out of someone's sails to destroy someone's advantage; disconcert or deflate
 
vb
28.  to cause (someone) to be short of breath: the blow winded him
29.  a.  to detect the scent of
 b.  to pursue (quarry) by following its scent
30.  to cause (a baby) to bring up wind after feeding by patting or rubbing on the back
31.  to expose to air, as in drying, ventilating, etc
 
Related: aeolian
 
[Old English wind; related to Old High German wint, Old Norse vindr, Gothic winds, Latin ventus]
 
'windless1
 
adj
 
'windlessly1
 
adv
 
'windlessness1
 
n

wind2 (waɪnd)
 
vb (often foll by around, about, or upon) (often foll by up) (foll by off) , winds, winding, wound
1.  to turn or coil (string, cotton, etc) around some object or point or (of string, etc) to be turned etc, around some object or point: he wound a scarf around his head
2.  (tr) to twine, cover, or wreathe by or as if by coiling, wrapping, etc; encircle: we wound the body in a shroud
3.  to tighten the spring of (a clockwork mechanism)
4.  to remove by uncoiling or unwinding
5.  (usually intr) to move or cause to move in a sinuous, spiral, or circular course: the river winds through the hills
6.  (tr) to introduce indirectly or deviously: he is winding his own opinions into the report
7.  (tr) to cause to twist or revolve: he wound the handle
8.  (tr; usually foll by up or down) to move by cranking: please wind up the window
9.  (tr) to haul, lift, or hoist (a weight, etc) by means of a wind or windlass
10.  (intr) (of a board, etc) to be warped or twisted
11.  archaic (intr) to proceed deviously or indirectly
 
n
12.  the act of winding or state of being wound
13.  a single turn, bend, etc: a wind in the river
14.  Also called: winding a twist in a board or plank
 
[Old English windan; related to Old Norse vinda, Old High German wintan (German winden)]
 
'windable2
 
adj

wind3 (waɪnd)
 
vb , winds, winding, winded, wound
poetic (tr) to blow (a note or signal) on (a horn, bugle, etc)
 
[C16: special use of wind1]

wind up (waɪnd)
 
vb
1.  to bring to or reach a conclusion: he wound up the proceedings
2.  (tr) to tighten the spring of (a clockwork mechanism)
3.  informal (tr; usually passive) to make nervous, tense, etc; excite: he was all wound up before the big fight
4.  (tr) to roll (thread, etc) into a ball
5.  an informal word for liquidate
6.  informal (intr) to end up (in a specified state): you'll wind up without any teeth
7.  (tr; usually passive) to involve; entangle: they were wound up in three different scandals
8.  (tr) to hoist or haul up
9.  slang (Brit) (tr) to tease (someone)
 
n
10.  the act of concluding
11.  the finish; end
12.  slang (Brit) an act or instance of teasing: she just thinks it's a big wind-up

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

wind
"air in motion," O.E. wind, from P.Gmc. *wendas (cf. O.S., O.Fris., Du. wind, O.N. vindr, O.H.G. wind, Ger. Wind, Goth. winds), from PIE *we-nt-o- "blowing," from base *we- "to blow" (cf. Skt. va-, Gk. aemi-, Goth. waian, O.E. wawan, O.H.G. wajan, Ger. wehen, O.C.S. vejati "to blow;" Skt. vatah, Avestan
vata-, Hittite huwantis, L. ventus, O.C.S. vetru, Lith. vejas "wind;" Lith. vetra "tempest, storm;" O.Ir. feth "air;" Welsh gwynt, Bret. gwent "wind"). Normal pronunciation evolution made this word rhyme with kind and rind (Donne rhymes it with mind), but shifted to a short vowel 18c., probably from influence of windy, where the short vowel is natural. A sad loss for poets, who now must rhyme it only with sinned and a handful of weak words. Symbolic of emptiness and vanity since c.1290.
"I have forgot much, Cynara! gone with the wind." [Ernest Dowson, 1896]
To get wind of "receive information about" is recorded from 1809, perhaps from Fr. avoir le vent de. Wind-chill index is recorded from 1939. The verb meaning "tire, put out of breath" is attested from 1811

wind
"move by turning and twisting," O.E. windan "to turn, twist, wind" (class III strong verb; past tense wand, pp. wunden), from P.Gmc. *wendanan (cf. O.S. windan, O.N. vinda, O.Fris. winda, Du. winden, O.H.G. wintan, Ger. winden, Goth. windan "to wind"), from PIE *wendh- "to turn, wind, weave" (cf. L.
viere "twist, plait, weave," vincire "bind," Lith. vyti "twist, wind"). Related to wend, which is its causative form, and to wander. Wind down "come to a conclusion" is recorded from 1952; wind up "come to a conclusion" is from 1825. Winding sheet "shroud of a corpse" is attested from c.1420.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
wind  [%PREMIUM_LINK%]     (wĭnd)  Pronunciation Key 


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A current of air, especially a natural one that moves along or parallel to the ground, moving from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure. Surface wind is measured by anemometers or its effect on objects, such as trees. The large-scale pattern of winds on Earth is governed primarily by differences in the net solar radiation received at the Earth's surface, but it is also influenced by the Earth's rotation, by the distribution of continents and oceans, by ocean currents, and by topography. On a local scale, the differences in rate of heating and cooling of land versus bodies of water greatly affect wind formation. Prevailing global winds are classified into three major belts in the Northern Hemisphere and three corresponding belts in the Southern Hemisphere. The trade winds blow generally east to west toward a low-pressure zone at the equator throughout the region from 30° north to 30° south of the equator. The westerlies blow from west to east in the temperate mid-latitude regions (from 30° to 60° north and south of the equator), and the polar easterlies blow from east to west out of high-pressure areas in the polar regions. See also Beaufort scale, chinook, foehn, monsoon, Santa Ana.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

wind up

  1. Come or bring to a finish, as in The party was winding up, so we decided to leave, or Let's wind up the meeting and get back to work. [Early 1800s] Also see wind down.

  2. Put in order, settle, as in She had to wind up her affairs before she could move. [Late 1700s]

  3. Arrive somewhere following a course of action, end up, as in We got lost and wound up in another town altogether, or If you're careless with your bank account, you can wind up overdrawn. [Colloquial; early 1900s]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
So the hefty fellows usually wind up playing character roles.
Now, however, some managers are likely to wind up in jail for paying themselves
  money that belonged to ordinary shareholders.
Bags that wind up at sea can absorb toxic chemicals, making them even more
  harmful to the wildlife around them.
They've all but claimed he's going to wind up with a pointy hood over his head.
Idioms & Phrases
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