[with-stand, with-]
verb (used with object), withstood, withstanding.
to stand or hold out against; resist or oppose, especially successfully: to withstand rust; to withstand the invaders; to withstand temptation.
verb (used without object), withstood, withstanding.
to stand in opposition; resist.

before 900; Middle English withstanden, Old English withstandan (see with-, stand); cognate with Old Norse vithstanda; akin to German widerstehen

withstander, noun
withstandingness, noun
unwithstanding, adjective
unwithstood, adjective

1. confront, face. See oppose.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
withstand (wɪðˈstænd)
vb , -stands, -standing, -stood
1.  (tr) to stand up to forcefully; resist
2.  (intr) to remain firm in endurance or opposition

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

O.E. wiðstandan, from wið "against" (see with) + standan "to stand" (see stand (v.)); perhaps a loan-translation of L. resistere "to resist" (see resist). Cf. O.N. viðstanda, O.Fris. withstonda, O.H.G. widarstan. In 14c. and early 15c., withsit was in use with the same meaning.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
They found one that is remarkable for withstanding a wide range of conditions.
Withstanding temptation takes self-discipline-no easy trick when immediate
  gratification plumps our sense of well-being.
It's served us well for three decades, withstanding every challenge that
  particle accelerators could think to throw at it.
Not withstanding this discrepancy, the answers to a few basic questions seems
  to point to a consensus.
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