a stocky North American burrowing rodent, Marmota monax, that hibernates in the winter.
Also called chuck, groundhog.

1665–75, Americanism; presumably a reshaping by folk etymology of a word in a Southern New England Algonquian language; compare Narragansett (E spelling) ockqutchaun woodchuck

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World English Dictionary
woodchuck (ˈwʊdˌtʃʌk)
Also called: groundhog a North American marmot, Marmota monax, having coarse reddish-brown fur
[C17: by folk etymology from Cree otcheck fisher, marten]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1674, alteration (influenced by wood (n.)) of Cree (Algonquian) otchek or Ojibwa otchig, "marten," the name subsequently transferred to the groundhog.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The woodchuck sleeps in his burrow, with never a whimper, and the hound dog bays the white-circled moon.
Moles and a woodchuck wreak havoc with the blossoms in the garden.
True hibernators do get up every few weeks to nibble on food, and in the case of the woodchuck, use an underground toilet room.
Brush piles, thickets, and abandoned woodchuck burrows are used for cover.
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