woodcreeper

woodcreeper

[wood-kree-per]
noun
any of numerous New World tropical songbirds of the family Dendrocolaptidae, having stiffened tail feathers and creeperlike habits.
Also called woodhewer.


Origin:
wood1 + creeper

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Encyclopedia Britannica
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woodcreeper

any of about 48 species of tropical American birds comprising the subfamily Dendrocolaptinae, family Furnariidae, order Passeriformes. Some authorities classify the birds as a separate family (Dendrocolaptidae). Woodcreepers work their way up the trunks of trees, probing the bark and leaves in search of insects; some species also feed on the ground. Most are 20-38 cm (8-15 inches) long (some smaller) and have brownish body plumage with pale streaks or bars on head and underparts; the wings and tail usually are reddish brown. In most species the laterally compressed bill is stout and moderately long; in a few it is downcurved or else wedge-shaped. The tail feathers are broad and stiff and serve as a prop in climbing. Flight from tree to tree is undulating.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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