xian

xian

[Chinese shyahn]
noun
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Xian

[shee-ahn]
noun Pinyin.
a city in and the capital of Shaanxi province, in central China: capital of the ancient Chinese Empire.
Also, Sian, Singan, Xi'an.
Formerly Changan.

Shaanxi

[shahn-shee]
noun Pinyin.
a province in N central China. 75,598 sq. mi. (195,799 sq. km). Capital: Xian.
Also, Shensi.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Shaanxi or Shensi (ˈʃænˈʃiː)
 
n
a province of NW China: one of the earliest centres of Chinese civilization; largely mountainous. Capital: Xi'an. Pop: 36 900 000 (2003 est). Area: 195 800 sq km (75 598 sq miles)
 
Shensi or Shensi
 
n

Xi'an, Hsian or Sian (ʃjɑːn)
 
n
Changan, Former names: Siking an industrial city in central China, capital of Shaanxi province: capital of China for 970 years at various times between the 3rd century bc and the 10th century ad; seat of the Northwestern University (1937); famous for Qin dynasty emperor Qinshihuang's tomb (207 bc) with 8000-strong terracotta army. Pop: 3 256 000 (2005 est)
 
Hsian, Hsian or Sian
 
n
 
Sian, Hsian or Sian
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

xian

the basic unit of local government in China. The word hsien may be roughly translated as "county," or "district."

Learn more about xian with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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