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xylose

[zahy-lohs] /ˈzaɪ loʊs/
noun, Chemistry
1.
a colorless, crystalline pentose sugar, C 5 H 10 O 5 , derived from xylan, straw, corncobs, etc., by treating with heated dilute sulfuric acid, and dehydrating to furfural if stronger acid is used.
Origin
1890-1895
1890-95; < Greek xýl(on) wood + -ose2
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for xylose
  • The limiting factor is its by-products: both bacteria break down cellulose into glucose and other sugars such as xylose.
  • The economics of the process will depend on the market for xylose.
British Dictionary definitions for xylose

xylose

/ˈzaɪləʊz; -ləʊs/
noun
1.
a white crystalline dextrorotatory sugar found in the form of xylan in wood and straw. It is extracted by hydrolysis with acids and used in dyeing, tanning, and in foods for diabetics. Formula: C5H10O5
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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xylose in Medicine

xylose xy·lose (zī'lōs')
n.
A white crystalline sugar used in dyeing and tanning and in diabetic diets. Also called wood sugar.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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xylose in Science
xylose
  (zī'lōs')   
A white crystalline sugar extracted from wood, straw, and corn. It is used in dyeing and tanning and as a substitute for sucrose in diabetic diets. Chemical formula: C5H10O5.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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16
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