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yakuza

[yah-koo-zah] /ˈyɑ kʊˌzɑ/
noun, plural yakuza.
1.
any of various tightly knit Japanese criminal organizations having a ritualistic, strict code of honor.
2.
such organizations collectively.
3.
a member of such an organization; gangster.
Origin
1960-1965
1960-65; < Japanese: racketeer, gambler, good-for-nothing, useless, from the name of a game in which the worst hand is of three cards marked ya eight, ku nine (< Middle Chinese, equivalent to Chinese jiǒu), and -za three (combining form of sa(n) < Middle Chinese, equivalent to Chinese sān)
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for yakuza

yakuza

/jəˈkuːzə/
noun (pl) -kuza
1.
the yakuza, a Japanese criminal organization involved in illegal gambling, extortion, gun-running, etc
2.
a member of this organization
Word Origin
C20: from Japanese ya eight + ku nine + za three, the worst hand in a game of cards
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for yakuza
yakuza
traditional Japanese organized crime cartel, lit. "eight-nine-three" (ya, ku, sa) the losing hand in the traditional baccarat-like Japanese card game Oicho-Kabu. The notion may be "good for nothing," or "bad luck" (in someone who runs afoul of them), or it may be a reference to the fact that a player who draws this hand requires great skill to win.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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