yellow-perch

yellow perch

noun
See under perch2 ( def 1 ).

Origin:
1795–1805, Americanism

Dictionary.com Unabridged

perch

2 [purch]
noun, plural (especially collectively) perch (especially referring to two or more kinds or species) perches.
1.
any spiny-finned, freshwater food fish of the genus Perca, as P. flavescens (yellow perch) of the U.S., or P. fluviatilis, of Europe.
2.
any of various other related, spiny-finned fishes.
3.
any of several embioticid fishes, as Hysterocarpus traski (tule perch) of California.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English perche < Middle French < Latin perca < Greek pérkē

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
perch1 (pɜːtʃ)
 
n
1.  a pole, branch, or other resting place above ground on which a bird roosts or alights
2.  a similar resting place for a person or thing
3.  another name for rod
4.  a solid measure for stone, usually taken as 198 inches by 18 inches by 12 inches
5.  a pole joining the front and rear axles of a carriage
6.  a frame on which cloth is placed for inspection
7.  obsolete, dialect or a pole
 
vb
8.  (usually foll by on) to alight, rest, or cause to rest on or as if on a perch: the bird perched on the branch; the cap was perched on his head
9.  (tr) to inspect (cloth) on a perch
 
[C13 perche stake, from Old French, from Latin pertica long staff]
 
'percher1
 
n

perch2 (pɜːtʃ)
 
n , pl perch, perches
1.  any freshwater spiny-finned teleost fish of the family Percidae, esp those of the genus Perca, such as P. fluviatilis of Europe and P. flavescens (yellow perch) of North America: valued as food and game fishes
2.  any of various similar or related fishes
 
Related: percoid
 
[C13: from Old French perche, from Latin perca, from Greek perkē; compare Greek perkos spotted]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

perch
"where a bird rests," late 13c., "a pole, rod, stick, stake," from O.Fr. perche "unit of linear measurement" (5.5 yards), also "measuring rod, pole, bar" used to measure this length (13c.), from L. pertica "pole, long staff, measuring rod," related to Oscan perek "pole," Umbrian perkaf "twigs, rods."
Meaning "a bar fixed horizontally for a hawk or tame bird to rest on" is attested from late 14c.; this led to general sense of "any thing that any bird alights or rests on" (late 15c.). Figurative sense of "an elevated or secure position" is recorded from 1520s. The verb is first recorded late 14c., from the noun. The "land-measuring rod" sense also was in M.E., hence surviving meaning "measure of land equal to a square lineal perch" (usually 160 to the acre), mid-15c.

perch
"spiny-finned freshwater fish," c.1300, from O.Fr. perche, from L. perca "perch," from Gk. perke, from PIE base *perk-/*prek- "speckled, spotted" (cf. Skt. prsnih "speckled, variegated;" Gk. perknos "dark-colored," perkazein "to become dark").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Matching Quote
"I can just remember an old brown-coated man who was the Walton of this stream, who had come over from Newcastle, England, with his son,—the latter a stout and hearty man who had lifted an anchor in his day. A straight old man he was, who took his way in silence through the meadows, having passed the period of communication with his fellows; his old experienced coat, hanging long and straight and brown as the yellow pine bark, glittering with so much smothered sunlight, if you stood near enough, no work of art but naturalized at length. I often discovered him unexpectedly amid the pads and the gray willows when he moved, fishing in some old country method,—for youth and age then went a-fishing together,—full of incommunicable thoughts, perchance about his own Tyne and Northumberland. He was always to be seen in serene afternoons haunting the river, and almost rustling with the sedge; so many sunny hours in an old man's life, entrapping silly fish; almost grown to be the sun's familiar; what need had he of hat or raiment any, having served out his time, and seen through such thin disguises? I have seen how his coeval fates rewarded him with the yellow perch, and yet I thought his luck was not in proportion to his years; and I have seen when, with slow steps and weighed down with aged thoughts, he disappeared with his fish under his low-roofed house on the skirts of the village. I think nobody else saw him; nobody else remembers him now, for he soon after died, and migrated to new Tyne streams. His fishing was not a sport, nor solely a means of subsistence, but a sort of solemn sacrament and withdrawal from the world, just as the aged read their Bibles."
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