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yellow perch

See under perch2 (def 1).
Origin of yellow perch
1795-1805, Americanism


[purch] /pɜrtʃ/
noun, plural (especially collectively) perch (especially referring to two or more kinds or species) perches.
any spiny-finned, freshwater food fish of the genus Perca, as P. flavescens (yellow perch) of the U.S., or P. fluviatilis, of Europe.
any of various other related, spiny-finned fishes.
any of several embioticid fishes, as Hysterocarpus traski (tule perch) of California.
1350-1400; Middle English perche < Middle French < Latin perca < Greek pérkē Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for yellow-perch
Historical Examples
  • The only genera of importance as game-fishes are Stizostedion, the pike-perches, and Perca, the yellow-perch.

    Bass, Pike, Perch, and Others James Alexander Henshall
  • I found that fishing through the ice for pike and yellow-perch was a favorite sport.

    Bass, Pike, Perch, and Others James Alexander Henshall
  • The yellow-perch has been introduced into some waters west of the Rockies.

    Bass, Pike, Perch, and Others James Alexander Henshall
British Dictionary definitions for yellow-perch


a pole, branch, or other resting place above ground on which a bird roosts or alights
a similar resting place for a person or thing
another name for rod (sense 7)
a solid measure for stone, usually taken as 198 inches by 18 inches by 12 inches
a pole joining the front and rear axles of a carriage
a frame on which cloth is placed for inspection
(obsolete or dialect) a pole
(usually foll by on) to alight, rest, or cause to rest on or as if on a perch: the bird perched on the branch, the cap was perched on his head
(transitive) to inspect (cloth) on a perch
Derived Forms
percher, noun
Word Origin
C13 perche stake, from Old French, from Latin pertica long staff


noun (pl) perch, perches
any freshwater spiny-finned teleost fish of the family Percidae, esp those of the genus Perca, such as P. fluviatilis of Europe and P. flavescens (yellow perch) of North America: valued as food and game fishes
any of various similar or related fishes
adjective percoid
Word Origin
C13: from Old French perche, from Latin perca, from Greek perkē; compare Greek perkos spotted
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for yellow-perch



"where a bird rests," late 13c., originally only "a pole, rod, stick, stake," from Old French perche "unit of linear measurement" (5.5 yards), also "measuring rod, pole, bar" used to measure this length (13c.), from Latin pertica "pole, long staff, measuring rod," related to Oscan perek "pole," Umbrian perkaf "twigs, rods." Meaning "a bar fixed horizontally for a hawk or tame bird to rest on" is attested from late 14c.; this led to general sense of "any thing that any bird alights or rests on" (late 15c.). Figurative sense of "an elevated or secure position" is recorded from 1520s. The "land-measuring rod" sense also was in Middle English (c.1200), hence surviving meaning "measure of land equal to a square lineal perch" (usually 160 to the acre), mid-15c.

"spiny-finned freshwater fish," c.1300, from Old French perche, from Latin perca "perch," from Greek perke "a perch," from PIE root *perk- "speckled, spotted" (cf. Sanskrit prsnih "speckled, variegated;" Greek perknos "dark-colored," perkazein "to become dark"), typically in names of animals.


"to roost," late 14c., from Old French perchier "to sit on a perch" (of a bird), from perche (n.) (see perch (n.1)). Related: Perched; perching.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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