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Yizkor

[Sephardic Hebrew yeez-kawr; Ashkenazic Hebrew yis-kuh r, yiz-; English yis-ker] /Sephardic Hebrew yizˈkɔr; Ashkenazic Hebrew ˈyɪs kər, ˈyɪz-; English ˈyɪs kər/
noun, Hebrew.
1.
the Jewish service for commemorating the dead, held on Yom Kippur, Shemini Atzereth, the second day of Shavuoth, and the last day of Passover.
Origin
yizkōr may He be mindful
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Yizkor

Yizkor

/ˈjizkor/
noun
1.
(Judaism) a memorial prayer included in the liturgy for certain festivals
Word Origin
from Hebrew, literally: let him remember
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for Yizkor

yizkor

(Hebrew: "may he [i.e., God] remember"), the opening word of memorial prayers recited for the dead by Ashkenazic (German-rite) Jews during synagogue services on Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement), on the eighth day of Passover (Pesah), on Shemini Atzeret (the eighth day of Sukkot, the Feast of Tabernacles), and on the second day of Shavuot (Feast of Weeks). The prayers, recited after the reading of the Law and before the Torah scrolls are returned to their place in the holy ark, permit the worshipers to insert the names of departed relatives, who, it is believed, are also in need of atonement. This now-popular custom of praying for the dead arose during the European Middle Ages, when the names of Jewish martyrs were regularly read aloud during the services.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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