|Former name (until 1964): Northern Rhodesia a republic in southern Africa: an early site of human settlement; controlled by the British South Africa Company by 1900 and unified as Northern Rhodesia in 1911; made a British protectorate in 1924; part of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland (1953--63), gaining independence as a member of the Commonwealth in 1964; important mineral exports, esp copper. Official language: English. Religion: Christian majority, animist minority. Currency: kwacha. Capital: Lusaka. Pop: 10 924 000 (2004 est). Area: 752 617 sq km (290 587 sq miles)|
Republic in central Africa, bordered by the Democratic Republic of Congo to the north; Tanzania to the northeast; Malawi and Mozambique to the east; Zimbabwe, Botswana, and Namibia to the south; and Angola to the west. Lusaka is the capital and largest city.
Note: British explorer David Livingstone first visited Zambia in 1851.
Note: Zambia was proclaimed independent from British control in 1964. From 1953 to 1964, it was federated with Rhodesia (then Southern Rhodesia, now Zimbabwe) as Northern Rhodesia.
Note: In the 1970s, Zambia supported the movement for black majority rule in Rhodesia.