city, Muskingum county, east-central Ohio, U.S., at the juncture of the Muskingum and Licking rivers (there spanned by the Y Bridge ), about 50 miles (80 km) east of Columbus. The town was founded (1797) by Ebenezer Zane on land awarded him by the U.S. Congress for clearing a road (Zane's Trace) through the forest to Limestone (now Maysville), Ky. Zane sold the land to his son-in-law, John McIntire, who laid out the village of Westbourne (1799; renamed Zanesville, 1801) and who was instrumental in making it the county seat (1804) and state capital (1810-12). Economic progress started with construction of the first Y Bridge (1814), the Ohio and Erie Canal (1829), and a series of locks and dams on the Muskingum (1841), opening transportation to Eastern markets. Inundating floods (1913) led Congress to authorize a network of 14 reservoirs (completed 1938) in the Muskingum valley.
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