|Latin name: Zacynthus, Ancient Greek name: Zakynthos, Modern Greek name: Zákinthos an island in the Ionian Sea, off the W coast of Greece: southernmost of the Ionian Islands; traditionally belonged to Ulysses, king of Ithaca. Pop: 38 957 (2001). Area: 402 sq km (155 sq miles)|
island, southernmost and third largest of the Ionian Islands (q.v.) of Greece, lying off the west coast of the Peloponnese. Including the tiny Strotadhes Islands to the south, it constitutes the nomos (department) of Zakinthos. Zacynthus is indented by a deep bay with high cliffs on its south coast. The island has an area of 155 square miles (402 square km), the nomos 157 square miles (407 square km). The centre of Zacynthus is a fertile plain bounded on the west by barren limestone hills, 700 to 1,600 feet (200 to 500 m) high, with many sinkholes and steep sea cliffs. The hills culminate in the 2,480-foot- (756-metre-) high Mount Vrakhionas. The plain is bounded on the east by a low range of hills. The capital of the island and nomos, Zakinthos town, lies on the east coast on the site of ancient Zacynthus; it is the seat of a metropolitan bishop
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