zemstvo

[zemst-voh; Russian zyem-stvuh]
noun, plural zemstvos [zemst-vohz] . Russian History.
one of a system of elected local assemblies established in 1864 by Alexander II to replace the authority of the nobles in administering local affairs after the abolition of serfdom: became the core of the liberal movement from 1905 to 1917.

Origin:
1860–65; < Russian zémstvo, derivative of zemlyá land, earth; see humus

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zemstvo (ˈzɛmstvəʊ, Russian ˈzjɛmstvə)
 
n , pl -stvos
(in tsarist Russia) an elective provincial or district council established in most provinces of Russia by Alexander II in 1864 as part of his reform policy
 
[C19: from Russian, from zemlya land; related to Latin humus earth, Greek khamai on the ground]

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Example sentences
If the decision is upheld it it apt to end all question of the sup port of the zemstvo leaders.
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