zinfandel

zinfandel

[zin-fuhn-del]
noun
1.
a black vinifera grape, grown in California.
2.
a dry red wine made from this grape in California.

Origin:
1895–1900; origin uncertain

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
Zinfandel (ˈzɪnfənˌdɛl)
 
n
a Californian wine grape originally transplanted from Europe and producing a quick-maturing fruity red wine
 
[C19: of unknown origin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

zinfandel
1896, "red or white dry California wine," origin uncertain; used earlier as the name of the grape from which it was made (1880). The wine itself is said to have been known in U.S. since 1829. Some wine experts suggest a corruption of the Austrian grape name Zierfandler, though these grapes are not related
to those of zinfandel. E.g. this article:
The similarity in the names Zinfandel and Zierfandler arouses some speculation. Modern vine identification systems did not yet exist in 1829, so it is conceivable that the cuttings George Gibbs imported to the USA had never been correctly identified in Austria.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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