Marvelous things did He in the sight of our forefathers, in the land of Egypt, even in the field of Zoan.
They had sent me to the workmen, who were building the fortifications in Zoan, the town of Rameses.
It must, therefore, mean that it was seven times more prolific (the verb meaning both to build and to produce) than Zoan.
Zoan is inclosed by a wall, whereas Mizraim is open, and the Nile washes one portion of it.
The lepers in Zoan, Pha-kos and Phibeseth followed the others at a certain distance, and their tents are pitched outside the camp.
And between the two parties there is a lasting feud, for the former have set up a rival throne in Zoan (Egypt).
Another notable example is the application of the name of Zoan to Cairo.
Zoan is surrounded by a wall, but Mizraim has no wall, for the river encompasses it on one side.
For his princes were at Zoan, and his ambassadors came to Hanes.
The next season the site of Zoan of the Bible was explored, a village now termed San.
(Old Egypt. Sant= "stronghold," the modern San). A city on the Tanitic branch of the Nile, called by the Greeks Tanis. It was built seven years after Hebron in Palestine (Num. 13:22). This great and important city was the capital of the Hyksos, or Shepherd kings, who ruled Egypt for more than 500 years. It was the frontier town of Goshen. Here Pharaoh was holding his court at the time of his various interviews with Moses and Aaron. "No trace of Zoan exists; Tanis was built over it, and city after city has been built over the ruins of that" (Harper, Bible and Modern Discovery). Extensive mounds of ruins, the wreck of the ancient city, now mark its site (Isa. 19:11, 13; 30:4; Ezek. 30:14). "The whole constitutes one of the grandest and oldest ruins in the world." This city was also called "the Field of Zoan" (Ps. 78:12, 43) and "the Town of Rameses" (q.v.), because the oppressor rebuilt and embellished it, probably by the forced labour of the Hebrews, and made it his northern capital.