zucchetto

zucchetto

[zoo-ket-oh; Italian tsook-ket-taw]
noun, plural zucchettos Italian, zucchetti [tsook-ket-tee] .
a small, round skullcap worn by Roman Catholic ecclesiastics, a priest's being black, a bishop's violet, a cardinal's red, and the pope's white; calotte.

Origin:
1850–55; < Italian, variant of zucchetta, diminutive of zucca gourd, head, perhaps < pre-Indo-European *tjukka gourd

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World English Dictionary
zucchetto (tsuːˈkɛtəʊ, suː-, zuː-)
 
n , pl -tos
RC Church a small round skullcap worn by certain ecclesiastics and varying in colour according to the rank of the wearer, the Pope wearing white, cardinals red, bishops violet, and others black
 
[C19: from Italian, from zucca a gourd, head, from Late Latin cucutia gourd, probably from Latin cucurbita]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

zucchetto
1853, from It. zucchetta "a cap," originally dim. of zucca "gourd, head," perhaps from L.L. cucutia, of unknown origin.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

zucchetto

small silk skullcap worn by Roman Catholic clergymen. Developed from the pileus (q.v.), a close-fitting, brimless hat commonly worn by the Romans, the zucchetto has probably been worn by ecclesiastics since the 13th century. It was worn under the mitre and biretta to preserve them and is still worn under these headcoverings at services. It is worn alone at other times. The colour depends on the wearer's rank: white for the pope, red for cardinals, violet for bishops, and black for others

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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