a native English suffix of nouns denoting condition, character, office, skill, etc.: clerkship; friendship; statesmanship.

Middle English, Old English -scipe; akin to shape; cognate with dialectal Frisian, dialectal Dutch schip

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suffix forming nouns
1.  indicating state or condition: fellowship
2.  indicating rank, office, or position: lordship
3.  indicating craft or skill: horsemanship; workmanship; scholarship
[Old English -scipe; compare shape]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

O.E. -sciepe, Anglian -scip "state, condition of being," from P.Gmc. *-skapaz (cf. O.N. -skapr, O.Fris. -skip, Du. -schap, Ger. -schaft), from base *skap- "to create, ordain, appoint." Cognate with O.E. gesceape (see shape).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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