Appalachia

[ap-uh-ley-chee-uh, -chuh, -lach-ee-uh, -lach-uh]
noun
1.
Geology. a Paleozoic landmass, the erosion of which provided the sediments to form the rocks of the Appalachian Mountains.
2.
a region in the E United States, in the area of the S Appalachian Mountains, usually including NE Alabama, NW Georgia, NW South Carolina, E Tennessee, W Virginia, E Kentucky, West Virginia, and SW Pennsylvania.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
Appalachia (ˌæpəˈleɪtʃɪə)
 
n
a highland region of the eastern US, containing the Appalachian Mountains, extending from Pennsylvania to Alabama

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Appalachia
"cultural and geographical region of inland Eastern U.S.," 1880s, from the Appalachian Mountains, which are its core. Earlier Appalachia was proposed as a better name for "United States of America" by Washington Irving in 1839 (though he preferred Alleghenia) and this
may have been the coinage of the word.
It is a thousand pities that the puny witticisms of a few professional objectors should have the power to prevent, even for a year, the adoption of a name for our country. At present we have, clearly, none. There should be no hesitation about Appalachia. In the first place, it is distinctive. America is not, and can never be made so. We may legislate as much as we please, and assume for our country whatever name we think right but to use it will be no name, to any purpose for which a name is needed, unless we can take it away from the regions which employ it at present. South America is America,' and will insist upon remaining so." [Edgar Allan Poe, 1846]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Appalachia [(ap-uh-lay-chuh, ap-uh-lach-uh)]

A mountainous region in the eastern United States, running from northern Alabama to Pennsylvania, and including parts of Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, Virginia, and all of West Virginia.

Note: A major coal-mining center and one of the most impoverished regions of the country.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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