botany

[bot-n-ee]
noun, plural botanies.
1.
the science of plants; the branch of biology that deals with plant life.
2.
the plant life of a region: the botany of Alaska.
3.
the biology of a plant or plant group: the botany of deciduous trees.
4.
(sometimes initial capital letter) Botany wool.

Origin:
1690–1700; botan(ic) (see botanical) + -y3

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
botany (ˈbɒtənɪ)
 
n , pl -nies
1.  the study of plants, including their classification, structure, physiology, ecology, and economic importance
2.  the plant life of a particular region or time
3.  the biological characteristics of a particular group of plants
 
[C17: from botanical; compare astronomy, astronomical]
 
'botanist
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

botany
1690s, from botanic. The -y is from astronomy, etc. Botany Bay so called by Capt. Cook on account of the great variety of plants found there.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
botany   (bŏt'n-ē)  Pronunciation Key 
  1. The scientific study of plants, including their growth, structure, physiology, reproduction, and pathology, as well as their economic use and cultivation by humans.

  2. The plant life of a particular area.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

botany definition


The scientific study and categorization of plants. (See fruit, photosynthesis, and plant kingdom.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
The section on botany explains the taxonomy, morphology and reproductive biology of the species.
Other variation would have been invisible to humans before the rise of modern botany.
Botany wonks, eccentric gardeners and quirky landscapers might be drawn to cycads.
There is nothing dry and nothing sentimental in this book of popular botany.
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