catholic

catholic

[kath-uh-lik, kath-lik]
adjective
1.
broad or wide-ranging in tastes, interests, or the like; having sympathies with all; broad-minded; liberal.
2.
universal in extent; involving all; of interest to all.
3.
pertaining to the whole Christian body or church.

Origin:
1300–1350; Middle English < Latin catholicus < Greek katholikós general, equivalent to kathól(ou) universally (contraction of phrase katà hólou according to the whole; see cata-, holo-) + -ikos -ic

catholically, catholicly [kuh-thol-ik-lee] , adverb
catholicalness, catholicness, noun
pseudocatholically, adverb
supercatholic, adjective
supercatholically, adverb
uncatholic, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged

Catholic

[kath-uh-lik, kath-lik] ,
adjective
1.
of or pertaining to a Catholic church, especially the Roman Catholic Church.
2.
Theology.
a.
(among Roman Catholics) claiming to possess exclusively the notes or characteristics of the one, only, true, and universal church having unity, visibility, indefectibility, apostolic succession, universality, and sanctity: used in this sense, with these qualifications, only by the Church of Rome, as applicable only to itself and its adherents and to their faith and organization; often qualified, especially by those not acknowledging these claims, by prefixing the word Roman.
b.
(among Anglo-Catholics) noting or pertaining to the conception of the church as the body representing the ancient undivided Christian witness, comprising all the orthodox churches that have kept the apostolic succession of bishops, and including the Anglican Church, the Roman Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church, Church of Sweden, the Old Catholic Church (in the Netherlands and elsewhere), etc.
3.
pertaining to the Western Church.
noun
4.
a member of a Catholic church, especially of the Roman Catholic Church.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English; special uses of catholic

anti-Catholic, adjective, noun
non-Catholic, adjective, noun
pro-Catholic, adjective, noun
pseudo-Catholic, adjective, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
catholic (ˈkæθəlɪk, ˈkæθlɪk)
 
adj
1.  universal; relating to all men; all-inclusive
2.  comprehensive in interests, tastes, etc; broad-minded; liberal
 
[C14: from Latin catholicus, from Greek katholikos universal, from katholou in general, from kata- according to + holos whole]
 
catholically
 
adv
 
catholicly
 
adv

Catholic (ˈkæθəlɪk, ˈkæθlɪk)
 
adj
1.  denoting or relating to the entire body of Christians, esp to the Church before separation into the Greek or Eastern and Latin or Western Churches
2.  denoting or relating to the Latin or Western Church after this separation
3.  denoting or relating to the Roman Catholic Church
4.  denoting or relating to any church, belief, etc, that claims continuity with or originates in the ancient undivided Church
 
n
5.  a member of any of the Churches regarded as Catholic, esp the Roman Catholic Church

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

catholic
c.1350, "of the doctrines of the ancient Church," lit. "universally accepted," from L.L. catholicus "universal, general," from Gk. katholikos, from phrase kath' holou, from kata "about" + gen. of holos "whole" (see safe (adj.)). Applied to the Church in Rome c.1554, after the Reformation.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

catholic

(from Greek katholikos, "universal"), the characteristic that, according to ecclesiastical writers since the 2nd century, distinguished the Christian Church at large from local communities or from heretical and schismatic sects. A notable exposition of the term as it had developed during the first three centuries of Christianity was given by St. Cyril of Jerusalem in his Catecheses (348): the church is called catholic on the ground of its worldwide extension, its doctrinal completeness, its adaptation to the needs of men of every kind, and its moral and spiritual perfection.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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