cayenne

cayenne

[kahy-en, key-]
noun
1.
a hot, biting condiment composed of the ground pods and seeds of the pepper Capsicum annuum longum.
2.
the long, wrinkled, twisted fruit of this plant.
3.
the plant itself.
Also called cayenne pepper.


Origin:
1750–60; short for cayenne pepper, formerly cayan < Tupi kyinha, but long associated with Cayenne

cayenned, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged

Cayenne

[kahy-en, key-]
noun
1.
a seaport in and the capital of French Guiana.
2.
(lowercase) . Also called cayenne whist. a variety of whist played with two full packs of 52 cards each.

French Guiana

[gee-an-uh, gee-ah-nuh]
noun
an overseas department of France, on the NE coast of South America: formerly a French colony. 35,135 sq. mi. (91,000 sq. km). Capital: Cayenne.

French Guianese, French Guianan, adjective, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
Cayenne (keɪˈɛn)
 
n
the capital of French Guiana, on an island at the mouth of the Cayenne River: French penal settlement from 1854 to 1938. Pop: 50 594 (1999)

French Guiana
 
n
a French overseas region in NE South America, on the Atlantic: colonized by the French in about 1637; tropical forests. Capital: Cayenne. Pop: 183 000 (2004 est). Area: about 91 000 sq km (23 000 sq miles)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

cayenne
1756, from Tupi (Brazil) kyynha, mistakenly associated with town of Cayenne in Fr. Guyana. The town name is the Fr. form of Guyana.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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