chicory

[chik-uh-ree]
noun, plural chicories.
1.
a composite plant, Cichorium intybus, having bright-blue flower heads and toothed oblong leaves, cultivated as a salad plant and for its root, which is used roasted and ground as a substitute for or additive to coffee. Compare endive ( def 2 ).
2.
the root of this plant.
Also, chiccory.


Origin:
1350–1400; < Middle French chicoree, alteration of earlier cicoree (by influence of Italian cicoria) < Latin cichorēa < Greek kichória, kíchora (neuter plurals); replacing Middle English cicoree < Middle French

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World English Dictionary
chicory (ˈtʃɪkərɪ)
 
n , pl -ries
1.  Also called: succory a blue-flowered plant, Cichorium intybus, cultivated for its leaves, which are used in salads, and for its roots: family Asteraceae (composites)
2.  the root of this plant, roasted, dried, and used as a coffee substitute
 
[C15: from Old French chicorée, from Latin cichorium, from Greek kikhōrion]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

chicory
1390s, from M.Fr. cichorée, from L. cichoreum, from Gk. kikhorion (pl. kikhoreia) "endive," of unknown origin. Klein suggests a connection with O.Egyptian keksher.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The coffee is roasted with chicory root for extra tang and paired, naturally, with beignets.
He rejected brutality as if it were a spavined horse, treachery as if it had been chicory in the coffee.
If you want a salad at lunch then choose chicory leaves and add a couple of gherkins: both have lots of salicylate.
Another member of the chicory family, this lettuce has broad wavy leaves and a milder taste than chicory.
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