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clique

[kleek, klik] /klik, klɪk/
noun
1.
a small, exclusive group of people; coterie; set.
verb (used without object), cliqued, cliquing.
2.
Informal. to form, or associate in, a clique.
Origin
1705-1715
1705-15; < French, apparently metaphorical use of Middle French clique latch, or noun derivative of cliquer to make noise, resound, imitative word parallel to click1
Related forms
cliqueless, adjective
cliquey, cliquy, adjective
cliquism, noun
subclique, noun
Can be confused
claque, clique.
click, clique.
Synonyms
1. See circle, ring1 .
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for clique
  • He even had his clique of dog-friends that he played with.
  • But there is little agreement on whether the group was a genuinely sinister collection of officers or merely a peculiar clique.
  • His team now gets together regularly for fun, as if they were a clique of college friends.
  • The larger a group of immigrants is the more likely they are to form their own clique within society.
  • It's not simply that different students are in cliques because they fit in with others in the clique.
  • Decisions are made by clique rather than by shared governance.
  • They say that such barriers benefit a clique of scholars at the expense of the fossils themselves.
  • Whenever any clique member made a reproduction error, the result was one of the other two peers.
  • These ideals were not invented by some aesthetic clique.
  • The committee is only checking to see if the applicant is part of the popular clique.
British Dictionary definitions for clique

clique

/kliːk; klɪk/
noun
1.
a small, exclusive group of friends or associates
Derived Forms
cliquish, adjective
cliquishly, adverb
cliquishness, noun
Word Origin
C18: from French, perhaps from Old French: latch, from cliquer to click; suggestive of the necessity to exclude nonmembers
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for clique
n.

1711, "a party of persons; a small set, especially one associating for exclusivity," from obsolete French clique, originally (14c.) "a sharp noise," also "latch, bolt of a door," from Old French cliquer "click, clatter, crackle, clink," 13c., echoic. Apparently this word was at one time treated in French as the equivalent of claque (q.v.) and partook of that word's theatrical sense.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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clique in Technology
mathematics
A maximal totally connected subgraph. Given a graph with nodes N, a clique C is a subset of N where every node in C is directly connected to every other node in C (i.e. C is totally connected), and C contains all such nodes (C is maximal). In other words, a clique contains all, and only, those nodes which are directly connected to all other nodes in the clique.
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(1996-09-22)
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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