Corinthian

[kuh-rin-thee-uhn]
adjective
1.
of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Corinth.
2.
Architecture. noting or pertaining to one of the five classical orders invented in ancient Greece and similar in most respects to the Ionic but usually of slenderer proportions, and characterized by a deep capital with a round bell decorated with acanthus leaves and a square abacus with concave sides. The Corinthian capital has typically two distinct rows of acanthus leaves above which appear eight fluted sheaths, from each of which spring two scrolls (helices) of which one curls beneath a corner of the abacus as half of a volute and the other curls beneath the center of the abacus. Compare composite ( def 3 ), Doric ( def 3 ), Ionic ( def 1 ), Tuscan ( def 2 ). See illus. under order.
3.
ornate, as literary style.
4.
luxurious or licentious.
5.
pertaining to or designating a style of vase painting developed in Corinth, in the 7th and early 6th centuries b.c., characterized chiefly by human, animal, and ornamental motifs, painted boldly in a black figure style on a terra-cotta ground, often arranged in tiers around the vase.
noun
6.
a native or inhabitant of Corinth.
7.
a man about town, especially one who lives luxuriously or, sometimes, dissolutely.
8.
an amateur yachtsman.
9.
Manège. a horse-show class in which each contestant must be a member of a recognized hunt and wear regulation hunt livery. Compare appointment ( def 7 ).

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English Corinthi(es) men of Corinth (< Latin Corinthiī < Greek Korínthioi; see Corinth) + -an

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World English Dictionary
Corinthian (kəˈrɪnθɪən)
 
adj
1.  of, characteristic of, or relating to Corinth
2.  Ionic Doric composite See also Tuscan of, denoting, or relating to one of the five classical orders of architecture: characterized by a bell-shaped capital having carved ornaments based on acanthus leaves
3.  given to luxury; dissolute
4.  ornate and elaborate
 
n
5.  a native or inhabitant of Corinth
6.  an amateur sportsman
7.  rare a man about town, esp one who is dissolute

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Corinthian
1650s as an architectural order, from Corinth, the ancient Gk. city-state. In classical times Corinth was notorious for its luxury and licentiousness among the Greek states (and for not scorning trade and profit); hence Corinthian n. and adj. in various slang or colloquial
sense in English, especially "a swell, a man about town" (early to mid-19c. but especially in the 1820s).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Corinthian [(kuh-rin-thee-uhn)]

One of the three main styles of Greek architecture (the others are Doric and Ionic). The Corinthian column is slender and fluted; the capital incorporates sculpted leaves.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences for Corinthian
Her crested helmet is sometimes rendered as attic in type, sometimes corinthian.
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