crisis

[krahy-sis]
noun, plural crises [krahy-seez] .
1.
a stage in a sequence of events at which the trend of all future events, especially for better or for worse, is determined; turning point.
2.
a condition of instability or danger, as in social, economic, political, or international affairs, leading to a decisive change.
3.
a dramatic emotional or circumstantial upheaval in a person's life.
4.
Medicine/Medical.
a.
the point in the course of a serious disease at which a decisive change occurs, leading either to recovery or to death.
b.
the change itself.
5.
the point in a play or story at which hostile elements are most tensely opposed to each other.
adjective
6.
of, referring to, or for use in dealing with a crisis.

Origin:
1375–1425; late Middle English < Latin < Greek krísis decision, equivalent to kri- variant stem of krī́nein to decide, separate, judge + -sis -sis

crisic, adjective
postcrisis, adjective, noun, plural postcrises.


1. See emergency.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
crisis (ˈkraɪsɪs)
 
n , pl -ses
1.  a crucial stage or turning point in the course of something, esp in a sequence of events or a disease
2.  an unstable period, esp one of extreme trouble or danger in politics, economics, etc
3.  pathol a sudden change, for better or worse, in the course of a disease
 
[C15: from Latin: decision, from Greek krisis, from krinein to decide]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

crisis
c.1425, from Gk. krisis "turning point in a disease" (used as such by Hippocrates and Galen), lit. "judgment," from krinein "to separate, decide, judge," from PIE base *krei- "to sieve, discriminate, distinguish" (cf. Gk. krinesthai "to explain;" O.E. hriddel "sieve;" L. cribrum "sieve," crimen "judgment,
crime," cernere (pp. cretus) "to sift, separate;" O.Ir. criathar, O.Welsh cruitr "sieve;" M.Ir. crich "border, boundary"). Transferred non-medical sense is 1627. A Ger. term for "mid-life crisis" is Torschlusspanik, lit. "shut-door-panic," fear of being on the wrong side of a closing gate.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

crisis cri·sis (krī'sĭs)
n. pl. cri·ses (-sēz)

  1. A sudden change in the course of a disease or fever, toward either improvement or deterioration.

  2. An emotionally stressful event or a traumatic change in one's life.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

crisis

(Greek: "ladder"), in dramatic and nondramatic fiction, the point at which the highest level of interest and emotional response is achieved.

Learn more about crisis with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Imagine trying to remain calm and composed while working in the middle of a war
  zone, a natural disaster, or other crisis.
But this work has not amounted to a solution to the public health crisis.
Stop the crisis stuff, because the ship has left the dock on that one now.
To some geologists, the world is heading toward an oil crisis of historic
  proportions.
Image for Crisis
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