diglossia

diglossia

[dahy-glos-ee-uh, -glaw-see-uh]
noun
1.
the widespread existence within a society of sharply divergent formal and informal varieties of a language each used in different social contexts or for performing different functions, as the existence of Katharevusa and Demotic in modern Greece.
2.
Pathology. the presence of two tongues or of a single tongue divided into two parts by a cleft.

Origin:
1955–60; Latinization of French diglossie, equivalent to Greek díglōss(os) speaking two languages (see diglot) + French -ie -y3

diglossic [dahy-glos-ik] , adjective
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World English Dictionary
diglossia (daɪˈɡlɒsɪə)
 
n
linguistics the existence in a language of a high, or socially prestigious, and a low, or everyday, form, as German and Swiss German in Switzerland
 
[C20: New Latin, via French, from Greek diglōssos speaking two languages: see diglot]

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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

diglossia di·glos·si·a (dī-glŏs'ē-ə)
n.
See bifid tongue.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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