extremity

[ik-strem-i-tee]
noun, plural extremities.
1.
the extreme or terminal point, limit, or part of something.
2.
a limb of the body.
3.
Usually, extremities. the end part of a limb, as a hand or foot: to experience cold in one's extremities.
4.
Often, extremities. a condition or circumstance of extreme need, distress, etc.: to suffer the extremities of being poor.
5.
the utmost or any extreme degree: the extremity of joy.
6.
an extreme or extraordinary measure, act, etc.: to go to any extremity to feed the children.
7.
extreme nature or character: the extremity of his views on foreign trade.
8.
Archaic. a person's last moment before death.

Origin:
1325–75; Middle English < Latin extrēmitās. See extreme, -ity

superextremity, noun, plural superextremities.


1. end, termination; verge; border, boundary.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
extremity (ɪkˈstrɛmɪtɪ)
 
n , pl -ties
1.  the farthest or outermost point or section; termination
2.  the greatest or most intense degree
3.  an extreme condition or state, as of adversity or disease
4.  a limb, such as a leg, arm, or wing, or the part of such a limb farthest from the trunk
5.  archaic (usually plural) a drastic or severe measure

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

extremity
late 14c., from O.Fr. extremite, from L. extremitatem, from extremus; see extreme, the etymological sense of which is better preserved in this word.

extremities
hands and feet, uttermost parts of the body, mid-15c., pl. of extremity.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

extremity ex·trem·i·ty (ĭk-strěm'ĭ-tē)
n.

  1. An end of an elongated or pointed structure.

  2. A bodily limb or appendage.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Nerve endings in the extremities go numb or tingle as if pricked by thousands
  of needles.
The machine symbolizes the industrial forestry that dominates the southern and
  northern extremities of the region.
All accounts of this incident agree that the victims' mouths and extremities
  were blue.
Or maybe it helped keep the extremities warmer by losing the water.
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