|—n , pl fish, fishes|
|1.||a. any of a large group of cold-blooded aquatic vertebrates having jaws, gills, and usually fins and a skin covered in scales: includes the sharks and rays (class Chondrichthyes: cartilaginous fishes) and the teleosts, lungfish, etc (class Osteichthyes: bony fishes)|
|b. (in combination): fishpond Related: ichthyic, ichthyoid, piscine|
|2.||any of various similar but jawless vertebrates, such as the hagfish and lamprey|
|3.||(not in technical use) any of various aquatic invertebrates, such as the cuttlefish, jellyfish, and crayfish|
|4.||the flesh of fish used as food|
|5.||informal a person of little emotion or intelligence: a poor fish|
|6.||short for fishplate|
|7.||an informal word for torpedo Also called: tin fish|
|8.||a fine kettle of fish an awkward situation; mess|
|9.||drink like a fish to drink (esp alcohol) to excess|
|10.||have other fish to fry to have other activities to do, esp more important ones|
|11.||like a fish out of water out of one's usual place|
|12.||(Irish) make fish of one and flesh of another to discriminate unfairly between people|
|13.||neither fish, flesh, nor fowl neither this nor that|
|—vb (foll by for)|
|14.||(intr) to attempt to catch fish, as with a line and hook or with nets, traps, etc|
|15.||(tr) to fish in (a particular area of water)|
|16.||to search (a body of water) for something or to search for something, esp in a body of water|
|17.||to seek something indirectly: to fish for compliments|
|Related: ichthyic, ichthyoid, piscine|
|[Old English fisc; related to Old Norse fiskr, Gothic fiscs, Russian piskar, Latin piscis]|
"Of all diversions ... fishing is the worst qualified to amuse a man who is at once indolent and impatient." [Scott, 1814]Fish story attested from 1819, from the tendency to exaggerate the size of the catch (or the one that got away). Fishtail (v.), of vehicles, first recorded 1927. Figurative sense of fish out of water first recorded 1610s.
|fish (fĭsh) Pronunciation Key
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Plural fish or fishes
Any of numerous cold-blooded vertebrate animals that live in water. Fish have gills for obtaining oxygen, a lateral line for sensing pressure changes in the water, and a vertical tail. Most fish are covered with scales and have limbs in the form of fins. Fish were once classified together as a single group, but are now known to compose numerous evolutionarily distinct classes, including the bony fish, cartilaginous fish, jawless fish, lobe-finned fish, and placoderms.
Traditionally, a class of vertebrates that breathe with gills rather than lungs, live in water, and generally lay eggs, although some bear their young alive. Some biologists consider the fishes a “superclass,” and divide them into three classes: bony fishes, such as sunfish and cod; fishes with a skeleton formed of cartilage rather than bone, such as sharks; and fishes that lack jaws, such as lampreys.
Note: Fishes are cold-blooded animals.
first in, still here
called _dag_ by the Hebrews, a word denoting great fecundity (Gen. 9:2; Num. 11:22; Jonah 2:1, 10). No fish is mentioned by name either in the Old or in the New Testament. Fish abounded in the Mediterranean and in the lakes of the Jordan, so that the Hebrews were no doubt acquainted with many species. Two of the villages on the shores of the Sea of Galilee derived their names from their fisheries, Bethsaida (the "house of fish") on the east and on the west. There is probably no other sheet of water in the world of equal dimensions that contains such a variety and profusion of fish. About thirty-seven different kinds have been found. Some of the fishes are of a European type, such as the roach, the barbel, and the blenny; others are markedly African and tropical, such as the eel-like silurus. There was a regular fish-market apparently in Jerusalem (2 Chr. 33:14; Neh. 3:3; 12:39; Zeph. 1:10), as there was a fish-gate which was probably contiguous to it. Sidon is the oldest fishing establishment known in history.