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[gous]
/gaʊs/

1.

the centimeter-gram-second unit of magnetic induction, equal to the magnetic induction of a magnetic field in which one abcoulomb of charge, moving with a component of velocity perpendicular to the field and equal to one centimeter per second, is acted on by a force of one dyne; 1 maxwell per square centimeter or 10− ^{4} weber per square meter. Symbol: G.

2.

(formerly) oersted (def 1).

Origin

[gous]
/gaʊs/

Dictionary.com Unabridged

Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.

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Examples for gauss

- The first to apply the absolute methods of measurement introduced by
*gauss*and weber. *gauss*plunged into a depression from which he never fully recovered.*gauss*eventually had conflicts with his sons, two of whom migrated to the united states.*gauss*wanted eugene to become a lawyer, but eugene wanted to study languages.- They had an argument over a party eugene held, which
*gauss*refused to pay for. - Though he did take in a few students,
*gauss*was known to dislike teaching. *gauss*supported monarchy and opposed napoleon, whom he saw as an outgrowth of revolution.- The ship
*gauss*, used in the*gauss*expedition to the antarctic.

British Dictionary definitions for gauss

/ɡaʊs/

noun (pl) gauss

1.

the cgs unit of magnetic flux density; the flux density that will induce an emf of 1 abvolt (10–8 volt) per centimetre in a wire moving across the field at a velocity of 1 centimetre per second. 1 gauss is equivalent to 10–4 tesla

Word Origin

after Karl Gauss

/German ɡaus/

noun

1.

Karl Friedrich (karl ˈfriːdrɪç). 1777–1855, German mathematician: developed the theory of numbers and applied mathematics to astronomy, electricity and magnetism, and geodesy

Derived Forms

Gaussian (ˈɡaʊsɪən) adjective

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition

© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins

Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

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© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins

Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

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Word Origin and History for gauss

gauss

"unit of intensity of a magnetic field," 1882, named for Ger. mathematician Karl Friedrich Gauss (1777-1855).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

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gauss in Medicine

**gauss** (gous)*n.* *pl.* **gauss** or **gauss·es**

The centimeter-gram-second unit of magnetic induction.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary

Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

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Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

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gauss in Science

gauss (gous) The unit of magnetic flux density in the centimeter-gram-second system, equal to one maxwell per square centimeter, or 10 ^{-4} tesla. |

Gauss, Carl Friedrich 1777-1855. German mathematician, astronomer and physicist who introduced significant and rapid advances to mathematics with his contributions to algebra, geometry, statistics and theoretical mathematics. He also correctly calculated the orbit of the asteroid Ceres in 1801 and studied electricity and magnetism, developing the magnetometer in 1832. The gauss unit of magnetic flux density is named for him. |

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary

Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.

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Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.

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gauss in Technology

1.

2.

See normal distribution.

3.

A good loudspeaker coil magnet flux density is of the order of 10000 gauss.

4.

(http://rhkoning.xs4all.nl/gauss/index.htm).

(2003-10-25)

Encyclopedia Article for gauss

unit of magnetic induction in the centimetre-gram-second system of physical units. One gauss corresponds to the magnetic flux density that will induce an electromotive force of one abvolt (10-8 volt) in each linear centimetre of a wire moving laterally at one centimetre per second at right angles to a magnetic flux. One gauss corresponds to 10-4 tesla (T), the International System Unit. The gauss is equal to 1 maxwell per square centimetre, or 104 weber per square metre. Magnets are rated in gauss. The gauss was named for the German scientist Carl Friedrich Gauss.

Learn more about gauss with a free trial on Britannica.com

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.

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