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gram1

[gram] /græm/
noun
1.
a metric unit of mass or weight equal to 15.432 grains; one thousandth of a kilogram.
Abbreviation: g.
Also, especially British, gramme.
Origin
1790-1800
1790-1800; < French gramme < Late Latin gramma a small weight < Greek grámma something drawn, a small weight

gram2

[gram] /græm/
noun
1.
(in the East Indies) the chickpea used as a food for people and cattle.
2.
any of several other beans, as the mung bean, Vigna radiata (green gram or golden gram) or the urd, V. mungo (black gram)
Origin
1695-1705; < Portuguese grão < Latin grānum grain

Gram

[grahm] /grɑm/
noun
1.
(in the Volsunga Saga) the sword of Sigmund, broken by Odin, repaired by Regin, and used again by Sigurd in killing Fafnir.
Compare Balmung.
Origin
< Old Norse Gramr literally, angry, evil

-gram1

1.
a combining form occurring in loanwords from Greek, where it meant “something written,” “drawing” (epigram; diagram); on this model, used in the formation of compound words (oscillogram).
Compare -graph.
Origin
< Greek -gramma, combining form of grámma something written or drawn; akin to carve

-gram2

1.
a combining form of gram1 :
kilogram.

-gram3

1.
a combining form extracted from telegram, used in the formation of compound words that have the general sense “message, bulletin”:
culturegram; electiongram; prophecy-gram.

gram.

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for gram
  • Providencia is a gram negative, motile bacterium of the family enterobacteriaceae.
British Dictionary definitions for gram

gram1

/ɡræm/
noun
1.
a metric unit of mass equal to one thousandth of a kilogram. It is equivalent to 15.432 grains or 0.002 205 pounds g
Word Origin
C18: from French gramme, from Late Latin gramma, from Greek: small weight, from graphein to write

gram2

/ɡræm/
noun
1.
any of several leguminous plants, such as the beans Phaseolus mungo (black gram or urd) and P. aureus (green gram), whose seeds are used as food in India
2.
the seed of any of these plants
Word Origin
C18: from Portuguese gram (modern spelling grão), from Latin grānumgrain

gram3

/ɡrɑːm/
noun
1.
(in India) a village
Word Origin
Hindi

gram.

abbreviation
1.
grammar
2.
grammatical

-gram

combining form
1.
indicating a drawing or something written or recorded hexagram, telegram
Word Origin
from Latin -gramma, from Greek, from gramma letter and grammē line
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for gram
gram
1797, from Fr. gramme, from L.L. gramma "small weight," from Gk. gramma "small weight," originally "letter of the alphabet," from stem of graphein "to draw, write." Adopted into Eng. about two years before it was established in Fr. as a unit in the metric system by law of 19 frimaire, year VIII (1799).
-gram
suffix from telegram (1857), first abstracted 1979 (in Gorillagram, a proprietary name in U.S.), and put to wide use in forming new words, such as stripagram (1981). The construction violates Gk. grammar, as an adv. could not properly form part of a compound noun.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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gram in Medicine

gram (grām)
n.
Abbr. g, gm., gr.
A metric unit of mass equal to 15.432 grains, one thousandth (10-3) of a kilogram, or 0.035 ounce.

Gram (grām, gräm), Hans Christian Joachim. 1853-1938.

Danish physician who developed (1884) Gram's stain as a method of distinguishing types of bacteria.

-gram suff.
Something written or drawn; a record: cardiogram.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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gram in Science
gram
  (grām)   
A unit of mass in the metric system, equal to 0.001 kilogram or 0.035 ounce. See Table at measurement.
Gram
  (gräm, grām)   
Danish bacteriologist who in 1884 developed a method of staining bacteria, called Gram's stain or Gram's dye, that is used to identify and classify bacteria, often from samples of infected body fluids. The classification, called gram-negative or gram-positive, can be useful in the initial selection of antibiotics to treat the infection.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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gram in Culture

gram definition


The basic unit of measurement for mass in the metric system; one cubic centimeter of water has a mass of approximately one gram.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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gram in Technology


An extension of BNF used by the SIS compiler generator.
["SIS - Semantics Implementation System", P.D. Mosses, TR DAIMI MD-30, Aarhus U, Denmark].
(1995-01-23)

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Related Abbreviations for gram

gram.

grammar
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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7
9
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