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A Vietnamese revolutionary leader of the twentieth century. Ho Chi Minh led the communists of Vietnam in their efforts to drive out the forces of Japan in the 1940s (see World War II), France in the 1950s (see Dienbienphu), and the United States in the 1960s (see Vietnam War). He died in 1969.
Note: Saigon, the former capital of South Vietnam, was renamed Ho Chi Minh City after the communist victory there.