a daily record, as of occurrences, experiences, or observations: She kept a journal during her European trip.
a newspaper, especially a daily one.
a periodical or magazine, especially one published for a special group, learned society, or profession: the October issue of The English Journal.
a record, usually daily, of the proceedings and transactions of a legislative body, an organization, etc.
a daybook.
(in the double-entry method) a book into which all transactions are entered from the daybook or blotter to facilitate posting into the ledger.
Nautical. a log or logbook.
Machinery. the portion of a shaft or axle contained by a plain bearing.

1325–75; Middle English < Old French journal daily (adj. and noun) < Late Latin diurnālis diurnal

journalary, adjective
journalish, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
journal (ˈdʒɜːnəl)
1.  a newspaper or periodical
2.  a book in which a daily record of happenings, etc, is kept
3.  an official record of the proceedings of a legislative body
4.  accounting
 a.  Also called: Book of Original Entry one of several books in which transactions are initially recorded to facilitate subsequent entry in the ledger
 b.  another name for daybook
5.  the part of a shaft or axle in contact with or enclosed by a bearing
6.  a plain cylindrical bearing to support a shaft or axle
[C14: from Old French: daily, from Latin diurnālis; see diurnal]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1355, "book of church services," from Anglo-Fr. jurnal "a day," from O.Fr. journal, originally "daily" (adj.), from L.L. diurnalis "daily" (see diurnal). Sense of "daily record of transactions" first recorded 1565; that of "personal diary" is 1610, from a sense found in
French. Journalism is 1833 in Eng., likewise from Fr. (where it is attested from 1781).
"Journalism will kill you, but it keeps you alive while you're at it." [Horace Greely]
Journalist "one whose work is to write or edit public journals or newspapers" is from 1693. Journalese "language typical of newspaper articles or headlines" is from 1882.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Computing Dictionary

journal definition

operating system
An on-going record of transactions, such as database updates, file system writes, procedure calls or message transmissions. A journal differs from a simple log in that the contents of the journal can be used to reconstruct the state of the system after a failure by re-applying the transactions in the journal to a snapshot of the system previous state.

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010
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Example sentences
Owning a prestigious journal has thus become a lucrative business, which many
  people believe is being abused.
One-of-a-kind journal featuring award-winning artwork.
Journal article explanations of how science works often differ from the actual
In his journal he wrote that he was not bothered by the residents' propensity
  for cannibalism.
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