[kwoh-min-tang, -tahng; Chinese gwaw-min-dahng]
the dominant political party of China from 1928 to 1949, founded chiefly by Sun Yat-sen in 1912 and led from 1925 to 1975 by Chiang Kai-shek; the dominant party of the Republic of China (Taiwan) since 1949.

< Chinese (Wade-Giles) kuo2min2tang3, (pinyin) guómín dǎng national people's party, equivalent to guó nation + mín people + dǎng party; compare Tang, tong2

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World English Dictionary
Kuomintang (ˈkwəʊˈmɪnˈtæŋ)
the political party founded by Sun Yat-sen in 1911 and dominant in China from 1928 until 1949 under the leadership of Chiang Kai-shek. Since then it has been the official ruling party of Taiwan
[C20: from Chinese (Mandarin): National People's Party, from kuo nation + min people + tang party]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1912, Chinese nationalist party founded by Sun Yat-Sen, led after 1925 by Chiang Kai-Shek; from kuo "nation, nationalist" + min "people" + tang "party."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Kuomintang [(kwoh-min-tahng, kwoh-min-tang)]

A Chinese nationalist (see nationalism) political party founded by Sun Yat-sen, which gained control of China in the early twentieth century. Later, under the leadership of Chiang Kai-shek, it was defeated by the Chinese communists and became the ruling party of Taiwan, the island to which Chiang and his supporters had fled.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
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