noun, plural localities.
a place, spot, or district, with or without reference to things or persons in it or to occurrences there: They moved to another locality.
the state or fact of being local or having a location: the locality that every material object must have.

1620–30; < Late Latin locālitās. See local, -ity

local, locale, locality, location.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
locality (ləʊˈkælɪtɪ)
n , pl -ties
1.  a neighbourhood or area
2.  the site or scene of an event
3.  the fact or condition of having a location or position in space

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1620s, "fact of having a place," from Fr. localité, from L.L. localitatem (nom. localitas) "locality," from localis "belonging to a place" (see local). Meaning "a place or district" is from 1830.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Computing Dictionary

locality definition

1. In sequential architectures programs tend to access data that has been accessed recently (temporal locality) or that is at an address near recently referenced data (spatial locality). This is the basis for the speed-up obtained with a cache memory.
2. In a multi-processor architecture with distributed memory it takes longer to access the memory attached to a different processor. This overhead increases with the number of communicating processors. Thus to efficiently employ many processors on a problem we must increase the proportion of references which are to local memory.

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Example sentences
The winter flu epidemic in a given locality reaches its peak in two to three
  weeks and lasts five to six weeks.
These little knots of extremists are found everywhere, one type flourishing
  chiefly in one locality and another type in another.
The excitement is not confined to any special locality.
Plants with the variant often coexist in the same locality as plants without it
  in many parts of the world.
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