local

[loh-kuhl]
adjective
1.
pertaining to or characterized by place or position in space; spatial.
2.
pertaining to, characteristic of, or restricted to a particular place or particular places: a local custom.
3.
pertaining to a city, town, or small district rather than an entire state or country: local transportation.
4.
stopping at most or all stations: a local train.
5.
pertaining to or affecting a particular part or particular parts, as of a physical system or organism: a local disease.
6.
Medicine/Medical. (of anesthesia or an anesthetic) affecting only a particular part or area of the body, without concomitant loss of consciousness, as distinguished from general anesthesia.
noun
7.
a local train, bus, etc.
8.
a newspaper item of local interest.
9.
a local branch of a union, fraternity, etc.
10.
a local anesthetic.
11.
Often, locals.
a.
a local person or resident: primarily of interest to locals.
b.
a local athletic team: the locals versus the state champions.
12.
stamp ( def 22 ).
13.
British Informal. a neighborhood pub.
verb (used without object)
14.
Informal. to travel by or take a local train or the like.

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English < Late Latin locālis. See locus, -al1

localness, noun
interlocal, adjective
interlocally, adverb
nonlocal, adjective, noun
nonlocally, adverb
superlocal, adjective
superlocally, adverb
unlocal, adjective
unlocally, adverb

local, locale, locality, location.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

lo-cal

[loh-kal, -kal]
adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
local (ˈləʊkəl)
 
adj
1.  characteristic of or associated with a particular locality or area
2.  of, concerned with, or relating to a particular place or point in space
3.  med general Compare systemic of, affecting, or confined to a limited area or part
4.  (of a train, bus, etc) stopping at all stations or stops
 
n
5.  a train, bus, etc, that stops at all stations or stops
6.  an inhabitant of a specified locality
7.  informal (Brit) a pub close to one's home or place of work
8.  med short for local anaesthetic
9.  (US), (Canadian) an item of local interest in a newspaper
10.  (US), (Canadian) a local or regional branch of an association
11.  (Canadian) a telephone extension
 
[C15: via Old French from Late Latin locālis, from Latin locus place, locus]
 
'localness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

local
late 14c., "pertaining to position," from O.Fr. local, from L.L. localis "pertaining to a place," from L. locus "place" (see locus). The meaning "limited to a particular place" is from 1610s. The noun meaning "a local train" is from 1879; "local branch of a trade union" is
from 1888; "neighborhood pub" is from 1934. Related: Locally. Local color is from 1721, originally a term in painting; meaning "anything picturesque" is from c.1900.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

local lo·cal (lō'kəl)
adj.
Affecting or confined to a limited part; not general or systemic.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
In case you missed it this weekend, the local sports scene officially turned
  from fall to winter.
Fiscal handcuffs are one way of keeping local government under control.
Choosing either local or organic food will put you one step higher on the
  eco-ladder.
However, many local legends have led to the discovery of new species.
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