longboat

longboat

[lawng-boht, long-]
noun Nautical.
(formerly) the largest boat carried by a sailing ship.

Origin:
1505–15; long1 + boat

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World English Dictionary
longboat (ˈlɒŋˌbəʊt)
 
n
1.  the largest boat carried aboard a commercial sailing vessel
2.  another term for longship

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

longboat

largest of a ship's boats, at one time sloop-rigged and often armed, such as those used in the Mediterranean Sea during the 18th and 19th centuries. Although present-day launches can travel under sail or by oar, most are power-driven. Because of their weight, they are seldom used by merchant ships but are often deployed as armed craft from warships. Launches are capable of carrying large numbers of men and are also useful for transporting anchors, cannons, and other heavy objects.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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